- A small piece of leather sewn into the sleeve of a flag fastened to a screw
head protruding from the staff, and designed to keep an indoor flag, parade flag
or military colour from slipping (see also colour 2)
and sleeve 2)).
Please note that this is an alternative to a grommet
and clip or decorative nails as methods of fixing a parade flag or military colour
to its staff. It should be noted also however, that the practice of tying a parade
flag or military colour to its staff, or affixing it with metal rings, is not
entirely obsolete (see also ties).
- 1) In US army usage, a trumpet banner - see
- 2) The formal surcoat worn by a herald on ceremonial occasions, and emblazoned
with those arms appropriate to the particular office involved (see also
coat of arms 2)).
- TABLE (or TABLETOP) FLAG
- A small flag, frequently mounted on a cross bar whose staff and stand make
it suitable for display on a desk or podium a desk flag (see also
- A piece of halyard with Inglefield clips at both ends which is used to separate
different signal hoists on the same halyard (see also
halyard, hoist 2)
and Inglefield clips).
- See tongue(s).
- A term for the Arabic inscription Allahu Akbar or God is Great that has
appeared on several Arab Flags and can currently be seen on those of Iran and
Iraq (see also shahada).
National Flag of Iraq (fotw)
- TANGLE ROD
- A metal implement attached to a flagpole (particularly one set at an angle
from a building) that clasps a flag and prevents it wrapping itself around the
pole (see also flag pole,
and weighted fly).
- A decoration of twisted fabric or metal, often surrounding a wooden core and
hanging from a cord, attached to a staff or directly onto a flag especially
a colour or parade flag (see also colour 2),
cord 1) and
- See 'semaphore 2)'.
- TEMPLATE FLAG
- See archivexillum.
- A heraldic term for the colour orange (see also
Appendix III and
rule of tincture).
- A Buddhist prayer flag or wall hanging that depicts scenes from the life and
teachings of the Buddha (see also prayer flag
and religious flag).
- See swallowtail and tongue
(also triple tongued 2)).
- THREE-STRIPED FLAG
- See triband and tricolour.
- Pieces of fabric or lengths of ribbon used in the largely (but not entirely)
obsolete practice of tying a flag to its staff or mast.
Please note that the increasingly (but by no means entirely) obsolete
practice of cutting the sleeve (through which the staff is inserted) of a military
colour or parade flag into separate sections (with
gaps in between) is almost certainly based on the earlier use of ties
(see also sleeve 2)).
- The heraldic term for the colours, metals and furs used on a shield or banner
of arms (see 'Appendix III').
- An oval-shaped wood or plastic cross-piece attached to a hoist-line sewn into
the heading of a flag, that fastens to a becket or eyesplice at the upper end
of the halyard for hoisting the flag on a mast or pole (see also
running eye and toggle).
- One or more horizontal projections extending from the fly of a flag, either varying in
width/length or of even size, sometimes triangular or possibly straight-sided with rounded
or squared ends - tails (see also
fly 1), 'gonfalon',
swallowtail and tongue and
- A heraldic wreath - see wreath 2).
- See ring 1).
- see 'Tugh 2)'.
- TOWER TOWERED (or TURRETED)
- The heraldic term used when a narrower tower or turret rises above the embattled top of another
tower or turret, with the number of any such towers or turrets (if more than one) given for
example (as per two of those shown blow) a tower triple-towered (see also
From left: Arms of Seia, Portugal (ICA) Flag of Castile-La Mancha, Spain; Naval Jack of Spain (fotw)
Please note that other variants might include a tower with a
steeple or a tower domed (or with a cupola), with the example given below being a tower
triple towered with one domed.
Flag of Hamburg, Germany (fotw)
- TRADE UNION BANNER
- See banner 3).
- 1) In UK military and some other usage, a term for marching with a colour
or flag dragging on the ground, or standing in that position, and is employed
as a mark of respect to the head of state at funerals or as a token of victory in a parade of captured
enemy colours but see vailing
(also dipping 1)).
- 2) An uncommon method of saluting using a flag hoisted on a pole - the flag
is lowered until it just touches the ground for a few seconds, and then raised
smartly - practiced in some monarchies as a salute to a member of the royal family.
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for a banner on a crossbar.
- TRANSVERSANT (or TRANSVERSE)
- A heraldically derived term for when the charge on a flag is shown as being rotated 90
degrees from the position in which it is usually seen.
- TRAPEZIUM (or TRAPEZOID)
- A charge similar to a triangle but with the apex squared, as in the flag of
Kuwait (see also triangle).
National Flag of Kuwait (fotw)
- The heraldic term for a charge in the form of a stylized flower or plant with three
petals or leaves, and which is almost invariably shown bearing a stalk (see also
From left: Mladenovac, Serbia; Malkov, Czech Republic; Trpinja, Croatia (fotw)
Please note that a traditional Irish emblem the shamrock is also a trefoil.
- An almost invariably horizontal charge whose apex lies along the meridian,
and which may extend up to or slightly exceeding one-half the length of a flag,
but whose base usually occupies the full width of the hoist. When the base is
parallel to the lower edge of a flag it may be called an upright triangle, but
in this latter case that base generally occupies only a proportion of a flags
length (see also meridian).
From left: National Flag of Djibouti (fotw); National Flag of St Lucia
Please note, however, that a triangle whose apex
and base touch opposite edges of the flag should be considered a pile (see also
- A term used to describe the fly of a flag or bottom edge of a gonfalon when it is
in the form of a straight-sided triangle (see also
gonfalon 1) and
triangular-ended tails below).
Gonfalon of Bonjaci, Croatia (Željko Heimer)
- TRIANGULAR-ENDED TAILS (or TONGUES)
- A term used to describe the fly of a flag or bottom edge of a gonfalon that is
cut into two or more straight-sided tails or tongues with triangular ends (see also
and triangular-ended above).
Gonfalon of Labor, Croatia (Željko Heimer)
- TRIBAL FLAG
- The sub-national flag of any group which shares an ethnic origin, but which is not
internationally recognized as independent but see
national flag 2) and
political flag 1)
(also sub-national flag).
From left: Navaho Nation, US (fotw); Arapaho Nation, US (fotw);
Chickasaw Nation, US (fotw)
Please note that a tribal flag may also be a political flag
under certain circumstances, and that some tribal flags may be considered as national flags
dependent upon the legal status and/or ambitions of the tribal group concerned.
From left: The Kurds, Iraq (fotw); The Aboriginals, A National
Flag of Australia Under The Law (CS)
- TRIBAND (or TRI-BAND)
- 1) A flag of three parallel stripes or bands but using only two colours. These stripes may be disposed
vertically, horizontally or diagonally, be of equal or unequal width and be either defaced or plain
a three-striped flag (see also
plain 2) stripe,
tricolour and width 2)).
- 2) An undefaced flag with three equal parallel stripes or bands using two colours a simple triband
(see also undefaced).
- 3) Informally, any flag of three parallel stripes or bands in either two colours or three. These stripes
may be disposed vertically, horizontally or diagonally, be of equal or unequal width and be either defaced or
plain but see notes below.
National Flag of Nigeria (fotw)
Flag of Norfolk Island (fotw)
Flag of Andalusia, Spain
Flag of Parana, Brazil,
Please note with regard to 1) and 2), that the Editors have
drawn a distinction between flags with three stripes and three colours and those having
three stripes and only two colours, with the definitions for tricolour and triband having
been carefully drawn up using all available sources, however, please see further note below.
With regard to 3) it should be further noted that this definition
includes not only all flags detailed in 1) and 2) above, but also those described under tricolour,
and it is strongly suggested that these entries be consulted before usage.
- A term sometimes applied to a flag of three stripes.
Please note however, before using this term it is
suggested that the entry on bar in Appendix VI and/or
a suitable glossary or heraldic dictionary be consulted.
- TRICOLORE, LE
- See tricolour 3) below.
- TRICOLOUR (or TRICOLOR)
- 1) A flag of three parallel stripes or bands in three different colours.
These stripes may be disposed vertically, horizontally or diagonally, be of
equal or unequal width and be either defaced or plain a three-striped flag (see also
plain 2) and stripe,
triband and width 2)).
- 2) An undefaced flag with three equal parallel stripes or bands of different
colours a simple tricolour (see also
- 3) The French national flag - le tricolore or that of the Netherlands - the
driekleur (see also princeflag).
National Flag of France (CS); National Flag of the Netherlands; National Flag
of the Congo (fotw); National Flag of Ecuador (fotw); National Flag of St
Please note that the definition of tricolour (as
given herein) is restricted to flags of three colours disposed in three stripes,
and that flags that do not fall into this category are defined elsewhere. Please
note also, that the Editors have drawn a distinction between flags with three
stripes and three colours, and those consisting of three stripes but only two
colours, with the definitions for tricolour and triband having been carefully
drawn up using all available sources, however, it should be further noted that
this distinction is not always observed (see also triband 3)).
- A charge, particularly (but not exclusively) a cross or saltire, divided longitudinally
into three parts in three different colours, as in the flag of Dominica.
From left: National Flag of Dominica (fotw); Flag of Guatavita, Colombia (fotw)
- The term for a 17th Century Dutch naval flag of usually (but not invariably) nine even,
horizontal stripes in the Dutch national colours repeated but see
From left: Triple Prince c1660 (fotw); With Eleven Stripes c1660 (fotw)
Please note however, whilst all available evidence suggests
that red, white and blue were employed, orange instead of red may have been used at an
- TRIPLE-TAILED (or TONGUED)
- 1) See swallow-tail and tongue.
- 2) A term that may be used when a flag has three tails or tongues whose width and length
are of equal size (see also length 2), tongues
and width 2)).
Naval Ensign of Estonia (fotw)
- TRIPLE-TAILED DESCATE
- (adj) A term used to describe a fly that is cut into three tails with rounded
ends (see also double-tailed descate,
swallowtail and tongue and
- TRISKELION (TRISKELE)
- An originally mystical sign of ancient origin that consists of three symbols
emanating from a central point, and of which the three-legged symbol on the flag
of the Island of Man is almost certainly an adaptation.
From left; Flag of the Isle of Man, UK (Martin Grieve); Sicilian; Celtic
- TROOPING THE COLOUR (or COLOR)
- A military ceremony at which the colour is marched past assembled troops (see
also colour 2) and
- TROPHY FLAG
- A flag captured in battle and displayed as a trophy (see also
- 1) The wooden block or metal plate at the top of a flagpole (or mast) below
the finial, which includes a pulley (sheaved block) or a hole for the halyard
- often incorrectly used as a synonym for the ball or other finial at the top
of that flagpole (see also Appendix I,
- 2) A short pole flexibly mounted on top of a mast for the flying of a flag
or pennant at sea and ashore a pigstick (see also
'masthead, at the').
- TRUMPET BANNER
- See bannerette.
- A tuft of hair, feathers or other similar materials used in the same manner
as a flag (see also vexilloid 1)).
Please note that the term is taken from the ancient Roman tufa which is considered to
have been a helmet crest, and to have been adopted in Britain as the tuuf.
- 1) An Ottoman vexilloid, now obsolete, of Mongoloid/Turkic origin that symbolized
civil or military authority, and consisted of a number of yak or horsetails at the top
of a staff (see also
standard 5) and
- 2) A term for the standard, now obsolete, of certain regiments of French cavalry -
the Spahis originally raised from North African tribesmen a toug (see also
Please note that the schellenbaum in use by German Army
bands and some others, although also descended from the Ottoman horsetail standard,
is a musical instrument and not a vexilloid.
National Music Museum, used with permission
- TYPE FLAG
- A model of pattern and colour, often fixed by law, after which actual flags
are manufactured (see also flag law,