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Dictionary of Vexillology: L (Labarum - Lozengy)
Last modified: 2008-01-05 by phil nelson
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- A flag based on the vexillum and combining Christian symbols with those of the
Roman military, introduced by the Emperor Constantine in the early 4th Century AD, and
later used as an imperial standard (see also vexillum).
Please note - not to be confused with a cantabrian labarum
(see 'cantabrian labarum').
- See cadency, mark of.
British Royal Standard Showing the Label of HRH Princess Ann (fotw)
- A long light-weight spear with which some cavalry regiments were formerly
armed, and upon which the standard or guidon was also carried - now restricted
to historical or ceremonial use (see also
guidon 1) & 2),
lance flag, lance pennon 1)
and standard 2)).
- LANCE FLAG (or PENNANT)
- A small flag or pennant, usually swallow-tailed or triangular and of
generally simple (bicolour) design, formerly carried below the lance head by
those cavalry regiments so armed, or currently by some mounted police units in
parade dress, and now restricted to historical/ceremonial use - a lance pennon (see
also banneret 2),
lance and lance pennon 1)).
From left: Lance Flag, British c1840; Mounted Police, New South Wales, Australia; Victoria,
Please note that the use of lance-armed cavalry and the
general design of their flag or pennant derive from Polish practice Poland having
been the country from which lance-armed light cavalry was adopted in the late 18th
- LANCE PENNON
- 1)The term for an armigerous lance flag, either triangular or with a forked tail,
carried by a medieval mounted knight (see also
banneret 2), lance,
lance flag and
- 2) See lance flag.
- (adj) A term used to describe a rounded fly (see also
standard 4) and
- See 'livery colours' (also
'national colours 2)' and
'state colours 3)').
- LANGUAGE FLAGS
- See linguistic flags.
- See Appendix V.
- LANYARD PENNANT
- In French Naval usage, a tapered pennant in various colours, charged with the Croix de Guerre
and having a rounded (or lanceolate) fly, which is flown to indicate that a vessel has received
citations for a certain number of military decorations (see also lanceolate and
From left: 6 Citations for the Legion dHonneur, 1914-18 (fotw); 4-5 Citations for the Mιdaille Militaire 1939-45 (fotw)
- LAPEL FLAG
- 1) A metal or plastic flag worn on the dress or coat lapel as a patriotic
or political symbol, originally characteristic of the former Soviet Union and
of the United States, but now widely used elsewhere.
- 2) A paper flag see flag day 2).
- LAUNCHING FLAGS
- Those flags flown from a vessel that is being launched prior to fitting out,
and which in naval usage are generally (but not invariably) of a prescribed type
and sequence (see also dressing lines and
- LAY UP (or LAYING UP) COLOURS (or COLORS)
- (v) The ceremonial deposit of regimental, unit, service or national colours
in a church, cathedral or museum when they are worn out, or when the regiment
or military organisation is disbanded (see also
colour 2) and
- LEISURE ENSIGN
- See yacht ensign under ensign.
- 1) That dimension of a flag which is measured horizontally from the outside
edge of the hoist (generally excluding the heading), to the opposite extreme edge
of the fly (see also Appendix I,
hoist and fly).
- 2) The longer dimension of a stripe or band within a flag howsoever orientated
(see also stripe).
- 3) The dimension of an emblem, charge, arms, shield or badge measured horizontally,
when it appears on a flag but see the note below, height
and width across (see also badge,
'establishment of arms'
Please note that definition 3) is given with regard to the consistent
use of proportions when describing a flag and its charges, however, it is suggested that when
giving the actual dimensions of any such charge the phrase width across should be used for its
horizontal measurement and the word height for its vertical size (see also
- LESSER ARMS
- See under arms.
- See monogram.
- LINGUISTIC FLAGS
- 1) Flag-like images that are intended to link together communities which speak the same language
irrespective of national boundaries, and which are usually an amalgam of the national flags concerned.
- 2) Flags that are intended to represent a link through the use of a common natural language,
generally (but not invariably) countries previously held by colonial ties such as that of the Francophonie.
- 3) Flags that are intended to represent one of the constructed languages, for example Esperanto.
- 4) Flag images, usually (but not invariably) those of national flags, which are used on the Internet
(and on other documentation) to indicate in which languages the material on a particular site are available
for the convenience of the reader.
Please note with regard to 1) that these images do not (as far as is known) exist in cloth.
Amalgam Language Flags for English and German (CS)
From left: Flag of the Francophonie; Esperanto flag (fotw)
- LIVERY BANNER
- The term, now obsolete, for a small square flag in the deceased persons livery colours,
usually for use at that persons funeral (see also
- LIVERY COLOURS (or COLORS)
- The principal colours (often - but not exclusively - usually the first metal and first tincture) of a coat of arms
and generally shown as two or three stripes on flags (see also
state colours 3),
coat of arms 2) and
rule of tincture).
- 2) The principal colours of a flag unrelated to a coat of arms - see
national colours 2).
Arms and Flag of Cerklie na Gorenjskem, Slovenia (fotw); The State Arms and
National Flag of Germany (fotw)
Please note that the term is derived from the colours usually
taken from a familys arms - worn as a livery by the servants of that family.
- 1) A design serving as the symbol of a commercial enterprise or educational
establishment, or other entity, that is not a coat of arms, badge or emblem as
defined herein (see also badge 1) &-3),
coat of arms,
all entries under emblem,
house flag 1),
institutional flag, official
and institutional flag, unofficial).
- 2) A simplified version of an existing badge or of an emblem that is often
used in lieu of these for the same purpose.
Flag of the Portuguese Railway Company (fotw)
- LOGO ON A BEDSHEET (or LOB)
- A derogatory term that is intended to describe any flag bearing an emblem,
badge, seal, shield or arms upon a plain field a bed sheet flag or building
site flag but see
armorial flag and
seal flag (also
badge 1) - 3),
coat of arms 2), all entries under
and shield 1)).
- An originally heraldic term for an even-sided parallelogram or diamond-shape
(see also lozengy).
Please note however, that in heraldry the lozenge
is also the escutcheon upon which a womans coat of arms is placed (see also
coat of arms).
- A heraldic term for when the field of a banner of arms or shield is covered
with diamonds in alternating colours (see also banner
Slocum Society International (CS)
Please note however, that on flags this term may also be
applied to a field covered with lozenges or diamond shapes set at an angle such as those
on the flag of the German state of Bavaria, whereas in heraldic practice these would be
lozengy bendy (or bendy sinister).
The Arms and Flag of the State of Bavaria, Germany (fotw)
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