- PADDING THE SLEEVE
- (v) A (largely US) practice, now obsolete, of reinforcing the sleeve of a
military colour (see also colour 2) and
- PAGEANT STANDARD
- A term, now obsolete, for the Scottish heraldic standard as carried on ceremonial
occasions; and there are indications that it was the middle of three sizes (see
also battle standard,
standard 5), and
- See Appendix VI.
- The flag that is presented in Sienna, Italy as a prize in the annual horse
race of the same name (see also flag tossing).
- 1) On flags, a Y-shaped charge of equal width throughout, generally with two arms of the
Y touching, or nearly touching the top and bottom corners of the hoist, meeting on the
horizontal meridian and extending to the fly as a single band - as in the flags of South Africa
and Vanuatu. When the two arms of the Y are on the hoist it may be called a simple pall, with
the two arms on the fly a reversed pall, with the two arms on the top edge an upright pall and with
the two arms on the bottom edge of the flag an inverted pall (see also
- 2) In heraldry, a Y-shaped charge of equal width throughout, generally (but not exclusively) shown
upright and when employed in ecclesiastical arms is usually seen with its lower point fringed and couped
(see also couped 2) and fringe).
Please note that the pall design originated as the
pallium, a vestment symbolic of Arch-episcopal authority in some Christian churches
(see also pallia).
From left: National Flag of the Republic of South Africa (fotw); National Flag of Vanuatu (fotw);
Flag of Krsnosel'skoe, Russia (fotw); Flag of the Archbishop of Westminster, UK (Graham Bartram)
- PALL FLAG
- That flag which is used to cover a coffin prior to interment, or the deceased
person when lying in state an interment or casket flag (see also
funeral flag and
Please note, not to be confused with a pall
as defined above.
- PALLET (or PALET)
- See Appendix VI.
- PALLIA (or PALLIUM)
- Pre-heraldic banners of varying design presented by the Pope to indicate his approval and/or support for a person or cause (see also
gonfanon, pall and
One interpretation of the Pallia given to William
of Normandy in 1066 as shown in the Bayeux Tapestry, and the earliest known representation
of a gonfanon (fotw).
Please note that this term was derived from an item of
arch-episcopal regalia the pallium and was almost certainly in the majority of cases a
- A term for the square or rectangular part of any flag that carries a schwenkel, or whose
fly is divided into tongues (see also schwenkel,
swallow-tail and tongue
- See Appendix VI.
- PAN-AFRICAN COLOURS (or COLORS)
- The green, yellow and red of the Ethiopian flag, adopted by a number of newly independent countries in Africa from 1956 onwards
(see also core flag, difference
and 'flag family').
From left: The National Flag of Ethiopia c1897 1996; The National Flag of Ghana (fotw); The National Flag of Senegal (fotw)
- PAN-ARAB COLOURS
- The white, black, red and green seen in the flags of a number of Arab countries and originally based on lines by the Arab poet Safi al-Din al-H'ly
(see also core flag, difference and 'flag family').
The Flag of the Palestinian Authority (fotw)
Please note that the lines mentioned above read: White are our deeds, black the fields of battle, our pastures are green,
but our swords are red with the blood of our enemy., and that the first flag to used these colours was the Arab Liberation Flag of 1917
(for an illustration see flag family).
- PAN-SLAVIC COLOURS
- The blue, white and red originally adopted by the Slavic peoples during their struggles for independence from the Ottoman
and Habsburg empires, and derived from the national flag of the then Russian Empire (see also core flag,
From left: The National Flag of Russia (fotw); The State Flag of Serbia (fotw);
The National Flag of the Czech Republic (fotw)
- The area of a flag that is surrounded by a border, the panel itself is generally
used to display charges or other designs (see also
- A term used when loosely branching clusters of flowers and/or foliage form a wreath,
such as the panicles of rice on the army rank flags of Taiwan (see also
rank flag 1) and
flag of a Lt General, Taiwan (fotw)
- PANTONE MATCHING SYSTEM (or PMS)
- An internationally recognized proprietary system of identifying colours by
a code number, and increasingly used for the official regulation of flag colours.
- PARADE FLAG
- A generic term for a flag intended to be carried outdoors in any parade situation,
and made with appropriate materials and accessories (see also
sleeve 2) and
Please note that there are basically three ways
involving a sleeve by which a parade flag or military colour may be affixed to
its staff - with decorative nails (often a precisely regulated number of nails),
by means of a grommet and clip, or by tab and screw (see also
sleeve 2) and
Note also however, that the practice of tying a
colour/parade flag to its staff, or attaching it by cloth loops or metal rings
is still occasionally seen (see also grommet,
sleeve 2), 'tab'
- PARLAY (or PARLEY) FLAG
- See flag of truce.
- See counterchanged.
- PARTY FLAG
- See political flag 1).
- See Appendix V.
- PATRIARCHAL CROSS
- See cross of Lorraine.
- The heraldic term for an ermine-lined velvet robe of state that is draped
from a crown or coronet and framing a royal or princely coat of arms. If behind
a non-royal coat of arms it becomes a mantle (see also
coat of arms,
crown, fur in
Appendix III and
Grand-Ducal Arms of Liechtenstein (fotw)
- A term for the now obsolete practice of showing a decorative display of shields,
or by extension flags, along the sides of a ship.
English Pavisade c1530 (CS)
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for a large triangular flag/pennant whose lower edge was at right angles to the staff.
A Pavon (CS)
Please note that, whilst the term itself is entirely obsolete, the shape of flag (as illustrated above)
is not see dhvaja and (also
- PAYING OFF PENNANT
- An extra long version of the standard masthead pennant; it is the tradition
in some navies that a ship on her final voyage, or at the end of an extended deployment
out of home waters, should fly a special pennant the length of which is commensurate
with the length of her last commission, or of the deployment being completed -
an action pennant, a homeward bound pennant or decommissioning pennant (see also
masthead pennant 1) & 2)).
See supplemental note:
- PEACE FLAG
- Any one of a number of flags designed to symbolize peaceas, for example, those illustrated below (see also
From left: Variant of the Rainbow Flag; Variant of the Dove of Peace Flag; Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (fotw)
- 1) The highest point of the gaff to which the ensign of a warship is shifted
(moved), when it is said to be flying at the peak of the gaff (see also
- 2) A colloquial synonym (although technically incorrect) for the top of a
normal flagpole (see truck 1) and
Please note with regard to 1), that the practice shifting the
ensign became necessary in the sailing era due to the introduction of a lower spar to the
mizzen gaff sail, whilst in modern warships the ensign is shifted from an ensign staff to
the peak of the gaff for reasons of tradition or operational requirement
(see also ensign staff).
- PENCEL (or PENCIL)
- 1) A term, now obsolete, for a narrow ribbon attached below the head of a
- 2) See pennoncel.
- A largely obsolete spelling of pennant.
Please note, however, that this dictionary uses
the older term first when referring to an obsolete British Royal Navy design or pattern
of this type - as in, for example, the budgee pendant.
- PENDANT (or PENNANT) OF DISTINCTION
- The original 17th/18th Century English/British naval term, now obsolete, for
a commodores broad pennant (see also
budgee pendant and
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for a pennant or small flag.
- 1) A general (and imprecise) term for flags which are not strictly rectangular.
- 2) A flag which will usual (but not exclusively) narrow in width between the
hoist and the fly, and which may be triangular, square-ended or swallow-tailed
(see also swallow-tail(ed)).
See supplemental note:
Please note with regard to 2) that the following modern flags
can fall into this category: broad pennant,
masthead pennant and others, as do obsolete
forms such as cornet, pavon,
pennon and pensel, and it is strongly suggested that the
more precise terms (as defined separately herein) are to be preferred in description.
It is further suggested that one common denominator,
which distinguishes a pennant from a flag, is that the former is usually secondary
to the latter, and differs from it in shape, size and/or in the manner of display.
- PENNANT OF COMMAND
- See masthead pennant 1).
Please note that this term is a translation of the
German kommadowimpel, and should not be confused with a command pennant as
separately defined herein.
- PENNON (or PENNONE)
- 1) See fanion 2).
- 2) See lance pennon.
- 3) At sea, an increasingly obsolete term for a small pennant.
- PENNONCEL (PENNONCELLE, PENICELLUS or PENNUNCELLUS)
- The term, now obsolete, for a small flag or pennon of varying shapes and sizes, but
often carrying a badge against livery colours a pencel or badge pennon (see also
'badge in heraldry',
lance pennon 1)).
- The medieval term, now obsolete, for a knight who bore a pennon on his lance and was, therefore, below the rank
of banneret a knight bachelor (see also
banneret 2) and
lance pennon 1).
- See pencel.
- PER BEND
- A heraldic term used when an object, charge or charges are placed diagonally across their field
- but see note below and crown of rue (also bend in
Chief of Naval Staff, Italy fotw)
Please note that this should only be used when the charge or charges in question
run from top left to bottom right, and that the heraldic term for such objects running from top right to bottom
left is per bend sinister (see also bend sinister in Appendix VI).
- PER SALTIRE
- A heraldic term used when two separate objects or charges cross each other diagonally (see also
orthogonal and saltire).
Mozambique emblem (fotw)
- PERSONAL FLAG
- 1) In UK usage, a fringed plain royal blue flag bearing in its centre a crowned
and garlanded E, and used by HM The Queen when paying official visits abroad
to those countries of which she is not head of state but see note below (also
- 2) See banner 1).
- 3) A flag intended by the designer for his personal use or that of his family
(see also house flag 3)).
- 4) In US naval usage, a term for denoting an officer's rank see flag of
command (also distinguishing flag 3),
individual flag and
rank flag 1)).
Please note that the various flags used by HM The
Queen (of Great Britain) when visiting a Commonwealth country of which she is
head of state are also officially described as personal flags, but must also be
considered as the royal standards of the countries concerned (see also
royal standard and
Royal Standard of New Zealand (Bartram)
Personal Flag of HM The Queen, UK (Bartram)
- See semeion.