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Dictionary of Vexillology: R (Repeating Frigates - Running Eye and Toggle)
Last modified: 2008-01-05 by phil nelson
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- REPEATING FRIGATES
- The 18th Century term, now obsolete, for those frigates that were stationed outside or behind the
main line in a fleet of sailing warships in order to relay flag signals to ships out of view of the
flagship (see also flagship and
Please note that in the context of the above definition a
frigate was a naval vessel which carried her main armament of 28 50 guns on a single deck.
- RESERVE ENSIGN
- See under ensign.
- RETREAT CEREMONY
- In military usage, a formal ceremony requiring a full guard and band for lowering
the national flag at the end of the day on special occasions (see also
Please note that this ceremony has its roots in
late Medieval and early Renaissance period with the formal ceremonies associated
with closing the gates of fortresses and castles for the night.
- In UK, US and some other military usage, the ceremony of hoisting the national
flag at the start of a day and taken from the name of the bugle call sounded to
awaken the troops (see also 'colours 5)' and
- The less important side of a flag that is generally, but not always, a mirror
image of the obverse. A distinctive reverse design or charge will usually only
be found on a regimental colour (see also
Please note however, that there are occasional exceptions.
- 1) On flags, the term is used to refer to a charge or charges that run in the opposite
direction to that in which they are normally placed (see also
reversed pall and
- 2) In heraldry, as above but the term is also used when arms are reversed or turned downward
debased, everted, inverted, subverted or subvertant.
- REVERSED CHEVRON
- See chevron.
- REVERSED PALL
- See 'pall'.
- REVERSED PILE
- See pile.
- RIBBON SCROLL
- 1) Generically, see scroll.
- 2) Specifically, the term used for a narrow ribbon in the form of a scroll but of
greater length than is usual); it is normally (but not exclusively) placed below and/or
around the shield in a set of armorial bearings or an emblem, and is generally inscribed
with a motto for example, those on the flags of the US states of Iowa and Massachusetts
(see also scroll).
Flag of the State of Iowa, US; Flag of the State of Massachusetts, US (fotw)
- 1) A charge in the form of a narrow circular band typically used to separate
a suns central disc from its rays, as in the flags of Macedonia and Taiwan - a torus (see
also disc and
- 2) A piece of wood or metal for attaching a windsock to its pole and for keeping
it open (see also windsock).
- 3) See battalion ring and
Please note that the heraldic term for this type
of charge is an annulet, but we suggest that a suitable glossary or heraldic dictionary
be consulted for its correct usage.
- RISING DIAGONAL
- See ascending diagonal.
- ROD OF ASCLEPIUS
- See Staff of Asclepius.
- ROPE GROMMET
- See grommet 3).
- ROUNDED FLY
- See lanceolate
- 1) An often circular emblem of nationality employed on military aircraft and
Air Force flags, generally (but not exclusively) consisting of concentric rings
of the national colours and based on the cockade (see also
fin flash and
national colours 2).
See supplemental note
- 2) A heraldic term for a disc see disc.
From left: Argentina; Belgium; Colombia; The Philippines. Japan (fotw)
- See star 2).
- ROYAL AIR MAIL PENNANT
- In UK usage a pennant, (as far as is known) now obsolete, that was originally designed
to fly alongside the civil air ensign next to or from an aircraft carrying mail (see also
civil air ensign and
Royal Air Mail Pennant, UK (fotw)
- ROYAL BANNER
- See royal standard 1) and following note..
- ROYAL COLOUR (or COLOR)
- See colour 2) and
- ROYAL MAIL PENNANT
- See mail pennant.
Royal Mail Pennant, UK (fotw)
- ROYAL PLATE
- In British Royal Naval usage and some others, the royal equivalent of a flag disc
and used on boats in place of the appropriate royal standard when full ceremonial is
not required (see also flag disc and royal standard below).
From left: The Plates of The Duke of Edinburgh; The Prince of Wales
and of Other Members of the Royal Family, UK (Graham Bartram)
Please note that in British Royal Navy usage a boat with Her Majesty The Queen on board never carries
a royal plate, but always flies the royal standard which requires full ceremonial.
- ROYAL STANDARD(S)
- 1) That flag, frequently a banner of arms, which signifies the presence and/or
authority of the monarch (see also banner 1),
personal flag 1) and
presidential standard but
see note below).
- 2) In the plural, a term sometimes applied to the flags flown by other members
of a royal family the queens, crown princes standard etc.
- 3) In UK military usage, the official name of the state colour of the Grenadier
Guards but see state colour 2).
From left: UK Royal Standard (Martin Grieve); Denmark Royal
Standard (fotw); Crown Princes Standard, Japan (fotw)
Please note that this term has been defined in 1) above according
to current UK usage, but should, strictly speaking, only be applied to Royal Standards of the
heraldic pattern as detailed herein under
standard 3) and
standard 4), and the term Royal Banner employed where more
appropriate (see also banner 1)).
The Heraldic Standard of King Richard III of England (fotw)
- RUDDER STRIPES
- See fin flash.
- RULE OF TINCTURE
- Most authoritative sources agree that good flag design should obey the heraldic
Rule of Tincture, and it is therefore stated in brief here: A colour should never
be placed on a colour or a metal (that is silver and gold in heraldry and generally
white and yellow in flags) on a metal. Metal may, however, be placed on colour
and colour on metal. It is, none the less, strongly suggested that those more
deeply interested in this subject should refer to the entries on tinctures,
metal and fur given in Appendix III, and to consult
a dictionary of heraldry for a more complete description.
- RULES OF ETIQUETTE
- The rules governing flag etiquette (or the protocol governing flag usage)
vary slightly from country to country, but are stated briefly in
Appendix II (see also
flag law and
- RULES OF RESPECT
- The rules that govern respect for the national flag may be summed up in a
Golden Rule, which simply stated says that the national flag should be treated
with respect at all times. The particulars of what exactly this respect entails
vary in detail, legal status and extent, from country to country, however, the
general principles remain the same and a full list is given in
- RUNNING EYE AND TOGGLE
- A traditional method, of hoisting a flag much favoured in European countries,
whereby a rope is sewn into the heading fitted with a wooden toggle at the top
and a loop or eye splice at the bottom that fastens them to their opposites on
the halyard toggle and becket (see also
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