- BANNER ROLL
- An 18th Century corruption, now obsolete, of the also obsolete term bannerole
Please note, it is suggested that this term could also apply to a roll or scroll
- 1) A term sometimes used to describe a miniature banner; this is often (but
not invariably) straight-sided and swallow-tailed, is designed to be displayed
vertically and usually shows emblems of both national and local significance (see
emblem, general and
- 2) A medieval term, now obsolete, for a knight entitled to lead men into battle
and whose lance pennon as square-ended, or for the group of knights so lead
a banneretus (see also
lance pennon 1)
- BANNERETTE (BANERETTE or BANNERET)
- 1) A small ceremonial banner decorating a set of bagpipes, a drum or a trumpet
a drum banner, pipe banner or a trumpet banner or tabard (see also
- 2) See banner 3.
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for a banneret (see
- 1) In largely Scottish usage a term, now obsolete, for one who bears a standard.
- 2) An originally 17th century term, now obsolete, for a Chinese soldier
belonging to one of the eight banners (or divisions) of the Manchu army
(see also banner 6)).
- BANNEROLE (or BANNEROL)
- The term, now obsolete, for a small flag (usually three feet - 91 cm - square) that displayed a
single quartering from a deceased persons coat of arms for use at that persons
funeral a banner roll (see also achievement of arms 2),
coat of arms,
Please note - not be confused with banderole (see
- See Appendix VI.
- BARGE FLAG
- In UK usage, one of a number of varying flags (usually a banner of arms) which
are flown from the ceremonial barges of Londons livery companies (see also
boat flag 3)).
- See Appendix VI.
- See Appendix VI.
- The heraldic term for the lower section of a shield or banner of arms, however,
heraldic use frequently suggests that the base should be roughly one-third of
the total depth of that shield or flag (see also
coat of arms,
- BASE FLAG
- In US Air Force usage, a post flag (see also
post flag 1)).
- BATHING FLAG
- See beach flag
- BATTALION RING
- A term for a metal band sometimes placed on the staff of a military or national
colour (usually below the lower edge of the flag), and showing the battalion and
regiment to which it belonged a ring (see also
battle honour, colour 2)
and staff 2).
Please note that as far as can be determined, this
was a custom formerly in the US Army (but still in use in the US Marine Corps)
and also in some European forces. see supplemental note
- BATTLE BANNER
- A generic term for those flags having heraldic (or armorial) symbolism that were carried
into battle during the medieval period (see
lance pennon 1),
- BATTLE COLOUR (or COLOR)
- In US usage, the organizational colour of a combatant Marine Corps unit or
of the Corps as a whole when carried by dismounted troops (see also
branch of service flag).
- BATTLE ENSIGN(S)
- One or more large naval ensigns flown from the yardarms of a warship prior
to commencing - and during - a surface engagement at sea (see also naval ensign
under ensign and
Please note that a warship raises additional large-sized
ensigns prior to an engagement at sea for added identification and in case one
or more are shot away.
- BATTLE FLAG
- 1) A flag (either official or unofficial) that is specifically intended for
use in battle either to avoid confusion with the flag of an enemy or to convey
a patriotic sentiment and used in addition to or instead of military colours
(see also colour 2),
Southern Cross 2))
and stainless banner.
- 2) In US naval usage, an unofficial flag flown from the yardarm when entering
or leaving port, completing underway refuelling, parting company with other ships,
or similar occasions a house flag or unrep flag (see also
Battle Flag of the Army of Northern Virginia, CSA 1861 1865 (fotw)
Please note with regard to 2), that these flags
have no standard pattern, official existence or meaning, but are designed and
used by individual ships companies to express pride in their vessels, that their
use has become traditional in the US Navy, that US and that other naval forces
have official naval code signals to order and conduct operations such as underway
replenishment (with these unofficial flags being hoisted in addition).
- BATTLE HONOUR (or HONOR)
- A mark of distinction, usually including the name of a battle or campaign,
added to a regimental or other unit colour to show units military service. This
may take the form of an inscription within a ribbon scroll applied to the field
of the colour, or a metal band (or bands) around the staff, or a metal clip attached
to a streamer, or to the streamer itself a battle streamer (see also
streamer 1) and
streamer retaining ring,
and compare with augmentation of honour).
Please note however, that in many navies ships show
their battle honours on a carved board or similar on ceremonial occasions, or
when the ship is open to visitors rather than on a unit flag.
- BATTLE STANDARD
- A term, now obsolete, for the Scottish heraldic standard as carried in battle,
and there are indications that it was the smallest of three sizes (see also
pageant standard and
- BATTLED (or BATTELLY)
- See embattled.
- BATTLE STREAMER
- See battle honour.
- BAUCANS (or BAUCCEDILLIAN)
- A 13th Century term, now obsolete, for the plain red streamer flown from a
ships masthead (in northern European waters) to signify that no quarter would
be given, and the size according to record was 30 yards (24.45m) long by 2 yards
(1.82m) wide (see also
flag of defiance and
Please note that this flag first appears in records
of the 1290s, and is considered to have been a direct ancestor of the later flag
of defiance. Note also no quarter would be given indicates that surrender would
not be accepted and all prisoners killed.
- BAUCEANT (BAUCEANS, BAUCENT or BEUCENNUS)
- A medieval term for the black and white banner of the
Knights Templar the balzaus
(see also balcanifer).
One interpretation of the Bauceant (CS)
- BEACH FLAG
- A flag or pennant from one of several different systems for signalling the
condition of a beach, the state of the ocean or weather at that particular point,
and/or to what degree bathing safety precautions are in place a bathing or surfing
flag, a shark alert or alarm flag, a wind, windsurf or windsurfing danger flag or
similar (see also
red flag 1) and
storm warning flag).
Some Beach Flags and Pennants, UK, The Netherlands, Portugal and France (fotw)
- See charge and
- An early 18th Century alternative term, now obsolete, for bunting see
bunting 1) (also
bewper and breadth 2)).
- A loop at the end of the hoist line of a flag that fastens to a toggle at
the end of the halyard when hoisting a flag a running eye or eyesplice (see
running eye and toggle).
Becket and toggle (AB)
- BED SHEET FLAG (or BSF)
- See logo on a bed sheet.
- BEEF PENNANT
- See bullock pennant.
- BELAYING PIN
- An increasingly obsolete method of belaying, turning up or securing the halyard
by means of movable vertical pins fitted into a frame or rack at the foot of the
mast now largely replaced by the cleat (see also cleat
- BEND (and BEND SINISTER)
- See Appendix VI (also
ascending diagonal and
- BEND ON (or BEND ONTO)
- (v) A nautical term for securing two pieces of rope together as in attaching
the hoistline of a flag to the halyard of a flag pole or mast (see
- BENDLET (& BENDLET SINISTER)
- See Appendix VI.
- See Appendix VI.
- BETHEL FLAG
- The flag of the Bethel Union, a seamans missionary organization, and occasionally flown
in the 19th Century by some British and US merchant vessels to indicate that a church service
was taking place (see also church pennant and
flying angel flag).
- BETSY ROSS FLAG
- A pattern of the starns and stripes whose canton carried thirteen five-pointed stars arranged in a
circle, which according to legend was ordered by George Washington in 1776 and sewn by Betsy Ross
of Philadelphia (see also
stars and stripes and
The Betsy Ross Pattern US National Flag (fotw)
Please note that the US flag had no official star pattern until 1818,
at which time the 20-star flag (and all subsequent flags) had official patterns for military
purposes. Since 1918 (the 48-star version), the flag has had an official pattern for all purposes,
therefore, the type above is likely one of many patterns used during the period 1777-1795.
- BEWPER (OR BEWPERS)
- A 17th Century term, now obsolete, for bunting (see also
- BICOLOUR (BICOLOR or BI-COLOUR)
- 1) A flag of two even or uneven stripes or bands of colour (whether divided vertically, horizontally
or diagonally) and whether defaced or plain (see also
deface, plain 2) and
- 2) An undefaced flag with two equal (vertical or horizontal) stripes or bands
of colour a simple bicolour (see also undefaced).
National Flag of Poland (fotw)
From left: National flag of Haiti (fotw); National Flag of Portugal
(fotw); National Flag of Bhutan (fotw)