- CAR FLAG (or PENNANT)
- A flag or pennant, sometimes in metal or other non-flexible material, designed specifically
to be flown from a car an automobile flag.
General officer, Germany 1941 45 (fotw)
Please note that the practice of flying a car flag
or pennant was previously (usually but not exclusively) limited to that carrying a head of state,
government official or military officer, however, the practice has arisen whereby
such flags are available as sports flags and may also be displayed by a funeral
cortege. Formerly sometimes flown from the radiator cap, a car flag is now more
usually seen on the right front fender, wing/mudguard (or often on both front fenders)
but there is a suggestion that the two positions might also previously have indicated
differences in the rank of the occupant. It is usually flown from a short metal
staff, or from a clip-on, window mounted staff, or from the radio antenna (see also
- CARROCERUM (CARROCIUM or CARROCIUS)
- An alternative medieval term, now obsolete, for the cart upon which the standard
was placed (see also altema,
- CARTEL FLAG
- In obsolete UK and some other usage, a flag or one of a pair of flags, that
mark a vessel involved in the exchange of prisoners (see also
flag of truce).
- 1) In heraldry, an oval escutcheon often used (but not exclusively so) by Italian clergymen (see also
- 2) On flags as above, and a term that now covers a usually (but not invariably)
oval plaque or frame containing heraldic insignia, and occasionally a date or
motto (see also motto and
From left: Detail, Spain (CS); Andorra (fotw)
- 1) A narrow sleeve-like sack, usually of some decorative, waterproof, material
used in order to protect a regimental, unit, service or national colour when outdoors
and furled (see also colour 2) and
- 2) (v) The act of placing the furled colour into its case (see also
- CASKET FLAG
- See pall flag.
- CASTING THE COLOURS
- See flag tossing.
- See quatrefoil 2).
- See sendal.
- CEREMONIAL ENSIGN (or FLAG)
- 1) An ensign or flag flown by naval ships and over naval or military establishments
on Sundays or days of national or service celebration (see also
and garrison flag).
- 2) See ceremonial standard below.
Please note with regard to 1) that this term does not refer to flags
used on parade or those made for indoor display, but to flags and ensigns that are
identical with their everyday equivalents except for size and/or care of manufacture
(see also parade flag
and indoor flag).
- CEREMONIAL STANDARD
- A term for the standard, or flag, flown on royal ceremonial occasions in (as far as
can be discovered) Kelantan, Malaysia in place of the individual standards of any royal
family member present (see also
royal standard 1),
royal standard 2) and
Ceremonial Standard of Kelantan, Malaysia (fotw)
- CEREMONIAL STATE ENSIGN
- A term for the ensign, possibly obsolete, flown (in place of a standard state ensign) on
ceremonial state occasions by government entities at sea (see also
government ensign under
Please note that, as far as can be discovered, Johore, Malaysia
is the only country which may currently still use such a flag.
Ceremonial State Ensign, Johore, Malaysia (fotw)
- A wheel-like emblem that represents the Buddhist Dharma Chakra (or wheel of
law) and which appears in a variety of different designs on the national flag
of India, the military flags of Thailand and several other flags both past and
From left: India (fotw); Thailand (fotw)
- See crown of rue.
- CHAPEL FLAG
- In US army usage a flag, bearing a device corresponding to a particular religion,
displayed in a military chapel.
Christian Faith Chapel Flag, US (fotw)
- CHAPLAIN'S FLAG
- In US army usage a flag, bearing a device corresponding to a particular religion,
flown in the field to designate the location of a chaplain&'s quarters or office,
or the site at which religious services are being held.
Jewish Faith Chaplains Flag, US (fotw)
- See garland.
- 1) Generically, any emblem, object or design placed upon the field of a flag
or shield (see also Appendix IV).
- 2) Specifically, a symbol placed upon the field of a flag, which is neither an emblem as
specifically defined herein, nor a badge (see also
emblem military and
- 3) (v) The act of placing such a charge on a flag.
Please note however, that with a considerable degree
of heraldic justification, some sources propose the charge to be an integral part
of a flags design and usually not used separately, whereas, in general a badge
may. It is suggested therefore, that the entry badge
(in heraldry), and a suitable glossary or heraldic dictionary be consulted.
- (adj) The act of having placed a charge on a flag (especially "charged with")
to have defaced with a charge (see also charge
- CHECKERED FLAG
- See sports flag 4).
- CHECKY (CHECKERED, CHECKIE, CHEQUEY, CHEQUERED, CHEQUE, CHEQUES, CHEQUY or CHECQUY)
- 1) In vexillology, a flag bearing more than four but an otherwise varied number of
rectangles (usually but not invariably squares) in alternating colours (see also quarterly).
- 2) In heraldry a the term for a shield or banner of arms bearing (not less than twenty)
squares of a metal and colour alternately. Any number between ten and twenty squares
is generally specified, and a shield or banner of arms carrying only nine is called
equipolle by French heralds.
Please note with regard to 2) that in heraldry the exact number of
squares (if more than twenty) is usually left undefined, but in vexillology
the number of such rectangles is often precisely regulated.
Flag of North Brabant, Netherlands (fotw); ) Flag of Chihuahua, Mexico (Juan
Manuel Gabino Villascαn)
- 1) A heraldic term for a charge with arms generally in the shape of an inverted
letter V, and heraldic use frequently suggests that a chevron should have a
width equal to one-fifth the field of a banner of arms or shield.
- 2) Any V shaped charge on a flag irrespective of the width of the arms.
The standard orientation of a chevron on flags is the same as in heraldry, however,
when the apex is towards the top edge of the flag it may be called a simple chevron;
with the apex towards the bottom edge of the flag, an inverted chevron; with the
apex towards the fly a horizontal chevron and with the apex towards the hoist
of the flag it may be called a reversed chevron (see also
Please note that the Editors have adopted a heraldic
model in defining a chevron on flags, however, please note also that there are
conflicting definitions with regard to the standard vexillological orientation of
a chevron and that usage of this term has not yet settled upon a consistent approach.
From left: Flag of Campina Grande; Brazil Flag of Boelenslaan;
Netherlands Flag of Otovice; Czech Republic (fotw)
- A heraldic term used when two or more chevrons are displayed together on a shield or banner of arms, and heraldic use frequently
suggests that a chevronel should be one-half the width of a chevron (see chevron above).
Please note that in heraldry the standard orientation of a chevronel is the same as that of a chevron and that
variations of this standard may be described using the terminology given in 2) above.
- A heraldic term for the top horizontal section of a shield or banner of arms,
however, heraldic use frequently suggests that a chief should be one-third of
the total depth of that shield or flag (see also
banner of arms,
- CHRISTIAN FLAG
- One of a number of designs symbolizing Christianity, especially the white flag with a
blue canton containing a red Latin cross designed in 1897 by Charles Overton, and used by
various Protestant groups an ecclesiastic, ecclesiastical or church flag - but see
religious flag (also
church flag 2)).
Charles Overtons Flag (fotw); The Anglican Catholic Church, US (fotw)
Please note that usage of the Charles Overton flag was
originally (largely) confined to the United States, but evidence of growing use elsewhere
has been reported.
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for the bearer of a standard, flag or banner
upon which the figure of Christ crucified was depicted.
- CHURCH BANNER
- See banner 3).
- CHURCH FLAG
- 1) See Christian flag and
- 2) In UK usage and some others, the flag flown from or outside a church;
particularly that flown from an Established (or Anglican) Church defaced with
the appropriate diocesan arms.
The Anglican Diocese of Chester (fotw)
- CHURCH PENNANT
- In US, UK and some other naval usage, the pennant hoisted aboard a warship
or naval shore establishment during religious services (see also
bethel flag and
flying angel flag).
Pennants, UK and The Netherlands (CS); US (CS)
Please note however, that in US usage this may also be called
a worship pennant, particularly when in connection with a non-Christian service.
Jewish Worship Pennant, US (CS & fotw)
- CINQUEFOIL (CINQFOIL or CINQUE-FOYLE)
- The heraldic term for a charge in the form of a stylized flower having five
leaves and often pierced in the centre a quinterfoil or quintefeuille.
from left: cinquefoil example; Flag of the German Speaking Community, Belgium (fotw)
- See monogram.
- CITATION FLAG (or PENNANT)
- See award flag.
- CITY FLAG
- See civic flag 1).
- CIVIC BANNER
- 1) See banner 3).
- 2) A term used when the flag of a municipality or urban area is a
banner of arms see civic flag (also
Banner and Arms of the City of Birmingham, UK (fotw)
- CIVIC CROWN
- 1) On flags, a crown composed of battlemented walls showing masonry and generally
from three to five towers, usually (but not exclusively) representative of a municipality
or urban area but see mural crown 2)
(also astral crown,
mural crown and
- 2) In heraldry, a closed garland or chaplet composed of oak leaves and acorns
(see also crown triumphal and
From left: Flag of Abrantes, Portugal (fotw); A Heraldic Civic Crown (Parker)
Please note with regard to 1) that in some European heraldic
systems, the number of towers is dependent upon the size and civic status of the
- CIVIC FLAG
- 1) The flag of a municipality or urban area a municipal flag or city flag.
- 2) In UK usage, as above but also the sub-national flag of a county (see also
Flag of Ludwigslust, Germany (fotw); Flag of Northumberland County, UK (fotw)
- CIVIL AIR ENSIGN (or FLAG)
- That flag flown at civilian airports, landing fields and by civil air authorities
(see also royal air mail pennant).
Please note that in British use (and in that of
some Commonwealth countries) such a flag is called a civil air ensign (see also
From left: Civil Air Ensign, UK (fotw); Civil Air Ensign, Pakistan (fotw); Civil Air Ensign, Ghana (fotw);
Airport Authorities, Israel (fotw); Civil Air Flag, Poland 193032 (fotw)
- CIVIL ENSIGN
- See under ensign.
- CIVIL FLAG
- The version of a national or provincial flag that is for use by private citizens
on land (see also national flag,
civil ensign under ensign
and sub-national flag).
From left: Civil Flag of Guatemala (fotw); National Flag of Guatemala (fotw)