- 1) A decorative scarf, usually in national or livery colours and often richly
decorated, tied with a bow to the staff below the finial, normally (but not exclusively)
used with military flags (see also draping,
national colours 2) and
- 2) Long black ribbons tied to the staff of a military colour below the finial
to signify mourning by the regiment or unit concerned for the loss of members
of that regiment, or when participating in a military or state funeral - but see
Please note that in French military usage, and possibly
in others, the cravat is employed (including use with car flags) to differentiate
between ranks and functions.
- See embattled.
- 1) On flags, a charge in the shape of a crescent moon formed by two interlinked
circles of varying size, generally (but not invariably) shown with the open horns
towards the fly, and considered to be symbolic of Islam.
- 2) In heraldry a charge in the form of a crescent moon whose horns unless
otherwise specified point upwards.
From left: Arms (CS); The National Flag of Turkey (fotw)
- A heraldic term for a symbol attached to the helm above the torse and placed
over the shield (see also Appendix IV,
coat of arms,
Please note that the term crest should only be used
as specifically defined above, and not as a synonym for a coat of arms or set
of armorial bearings (see also
armorial bearings and
coat of arms).
- CREWS MEAL PENNANT
- See meal pennant.
- CROOKED CROSS
- See swastika.
- 1) Two stripes or bands of equal width (and in the same colour) but of unequal
length, that extend to the outer edges of the shield, flag, canton or panel they
occupy, and intersect at right angles in the exact centre of that flag, canton
or panel a cross fixed, cross throughout, an upright centred, regular or square cross (see also
St Georges Cross).
- 2) A charge, which may or may not reach the outer edges of the shield, flag, canton
or panel it occupies, and which may not have straight edges but which has four segments
meeting at right angles at a central point but see note below (also
charge, cross pattee
cross potent and
- 3) A generic name for two stripes of the same colour (although counter-changed variants exist) and any width, crossing
the field of a flag, panel or canton in any manner (see also
From left: Flag of Cornwall, UK (fotw); Flag of Hajdina, Slovenia (fotw); Flag of Asturias, Spain (fotw);Flag
of Pisa, Italy (fotw)
Please note however, that whilst
several of the types
used on flags are detailed separately herein the cross throughout as given in
1) above, the Greek cross, the
cross pattee, the cross potent, the
Scandinavian cross, the
saltire (or diagonal cross)
and the Maltese cross numerous other
variants exist (mostly used in heraldry but which also sometimes appear on flags),
and it is suggested that a suitable glossary or heraldic dictionary be consulted (but see also
Cross of Lorraine and swastika).
- See couped 2) and
- CROSS BAR (CROSS-BAR or CROSSBAR)
- The transverse rod, from which a flag is suspended, either attached in the centre or
from one end, or hung by ropes from a vertical pole or poles (see particularly
and and vexillum).
- CROSS FIXED
- See cross 1).
- CROSS FORMΙE, (FORMΙ or FORMY)
- See cross pattιe.
- CROSS OF ANJOU
- See cross of Lorraine below.
- CROSS OF LORRAINE
- A cross in which two horizontal arms cross the vertical arm, and currently seen on the arms and
alternative national flag of Hungary, the arms and national flag of Slovakia plus the arms and state
flag of Lithuania ¬ a cross patriarchal, patriarchal cross, archiepiscopal cross or cross of Anjou
(see also armorial bearings,
national flag 1) and
state flag 1)).
From left: The Flag of Free France 1940-44; The National Flag of Slovakia; The Arms of Hungary (fotw)
Please note that the terms cross of Lorraine, cross of Anjou, cross
patriarchal and archiepiscopal cross are now considered interchangeable, however, in strict usage
the crosses of Lorraine and Anjou (unlike the others) should both have horizontal arms of equal
length. see supplemental note
Cross of Lorraine According to Strict Usage
- CROSS OF ST ANDREW
- See St Andrews Cross
- CROSS OF ST GEORGE
- See St Georges Cross
- CROSS OF ST PATRICK
- See St Patricks Cross
- CROSS PATRIARCHAL
- See cross of Lorraine.
- CROSS PATTΙE (PATΙE, PATTY or PATY)
- The heraldic term for a cross which may or may not extend to the outer edges of a shield,
flag, canton or panel, whose arms are generally flat-ended but which is wider at its outer
ends than it is in the centre. The arms can be straight-sided or curved throughout their length, or they can be straight-sided and parallel until being flared at their outer end
a cross formιe, formι or formy, or an iron or Hanseatic cross but see
Maltese cross (also cross 2)).
Flag of Wallis & Fortuna; Civil Ensign of Guernsey; House flag
of Chr. Jensen, Denmark (fotw)
- CROSS POTENT (or POTENCE)
- The heraldic term for a cross which does not usually extend to the edges of a shield, flag,
canton or panel, but whose arms terminate in a transverse bar a cross potence or Jerusalem cross
(see also cross 2) and cross pattιe).
From left: cross potent example; The Kingdom of Jerusalem c1200 (CS)
- CROSS THROUGHOUT
- See cross 1).
- 1) In largely US usage, a yard if fitted to a flag mast ashore (see also
- 2) A cross bar attached near the top of an unstayed flagpole for the purpose
of providing additional halyards to the one reeved at the truck (see also
- A ceremonial headpiece in the shape of a circlet often made of precious metal
and adorned with pearls and gemstones see note below (also
coronet 1) and
Please note that on flags a crown with a curved
bar or bars across the top and a cap within generally (but not invariably) signifies
a reigning monarch, however, the actual design will usually be specific
to a given country and considerable variations exist. Please note also that in
heraldry the term crown has a far wider use, and whilst a few of the many types
encountered are described in this dictionary, it is strongly suggested that a
specialist glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted for full details.
UK Royal Crown (Martin Grieve)
- CROWN OF RUE
- The heraldic term for a coronet placed per bend or diagonally across rather
than above a shield or quarter a crancelin (see also bend in Appendix
coronet, per bend,
The Flag and Arms of Saxony, Germany (CS)
- CROWN TRIUMPHAL
- The heraldic term for a closed garland or chaplet, usually composed of laurel
leaves, and based on the ancient Roman triumphal ornament (see also
civic crown 2),
wreath of immortelles).
- A term for the central point at which the two triangles formed by a swallow-tailed
cut in the fly meet (see also orthogonal and
- CUSTOMS FLAG (ENSIGN or PENNANT)
- A flag or ensign, different from the national/state flag or government ensign (or a
variant thereof) or a pennant, which specifically identifies the installations or vessels
of a countrys customs service (see also national flag,
government ensign under ensign,
and state flag).
From left: Customs Flags/Ensign, Israel; Customs Flag, Japan;
Customs Ensign, Iceland; Customs Flag, US; Customs Pennant, Thailand (fotw)
- CYBERVEXILLOLOGY (or CYBERVEX)
- Vexillological research and/or the publication of vexillological information
using electronic means, particularly the Internet or other electronic delivery
- See monogram.