- (adv) A heraldic term for when the main ordinary on a shield, banner of arms
or flag is placed in a lower position than is usual (see also bend sinister
in Appendix VI,
National Flag of Lesotho, 1987-2006 (fotw)
- ABSENCE (or ABSENTEE) PENNANT (or FLAG)
- 1) In widespread naval usage, one of four pennants (the first to the fourth
substitute in the ICS) displayed in port when the commanding officer of a ship
or the flag officer or civil official whose flag is flying in the ship is temporarily
absent from the vessel (see also
'international code of signal flags and
international code of signals).
- 2) See owner absent flag.
From left: First Substitute (Flag Officer Absent),
ICS Second Substitute (Chief of Staff Absent), ICS Third Substitute (Captain Absent),
ICS Fourth Substitute (Civil/Military Official Absent)
- A term sometimes used by textile experts involved in fabric conservation,
and describes the soiling, mildew damage or other defects that occur on the surface
of a flag.
- ACHIEVEMENT (OF ARMS)
- 1) See armorial bearings.
- 2) All the armorial bearings of a deceased person as displayed at that persons
funeral a funeral achievement or hatchment (see also armorial bearings,
coat of arms,
Please note with regard to 2) that if all
the armorial bearings of a deceased person are displayed on a flag they become
a great banner, or if less than all a bannerole, both as referenced above.
- ACTION PENNANT
- See paying off pennant.
- A term used to describe when the rays of a star or sun emblem, or a radiating
stripe, are shown with undulating or wavy curves see
active and inactive below,
star and its following note).
- ACTIVE AND INACTIVE
- A term used to describe when the rays of a star or sun emblem are shown with
alternating wavy and straight rays (see also
star and its following note).
The Sun and Star of May, Argentina and Uruguay (fotw)
- ADDITION(S) OF HONOUR (or HONOR)
- See augmentation of honour.
- ADVANCE THE COLOUR/COLOURS (or COLOR/COLORS)
- (v) A military term originally for moving a flag forward towards an enemy,
and now used on ceremonial occasions as a command to parade the colour(s) forward
(see also colour 2),
colours 2), and
- ADVERTISING BANNER
- See banner 4).
- ADVERTISING PULLDOWN (or PULL-DOWN)
- See pulldown.
- AIR FORCE FLAG (or ENSIGN)
- See branch of service flag
(also armed services flag and
Air force Ensign, UK (fotw).
- AIRCRAFT MARKING
- See fin flash and
- AIRCRAFT INSIGNIA
- A recently redefined term that is intended to cover all markings of nationality
on the wings, fuselage and tail fins of primarily (but not exclusively) military
aircraft (see also fin flash and
Please note however, that the term has been in use by
the US military for at least 50 years and refers to those markings on the tail fins
of primarily (but not exclusively) military aircraft.
- AIRFIELD FLAG
- In largely US usage, an orange and white checkered flag flown on equipment
operating on an airfield (see also checky).
- The medieval term, now obsolete, for a person who is entitled to carry his
banner erect on the Kings highway.
This word is recorded as having a Spanish origin (which
remains unproven) however, the extent to which it was used in English medieval
manuscripts is not known.
- ALFERES (or ALFEROUS)
- A late 17th early 18th Century term, now obsolete, for a
Please note, it is suggested that the alternative form was sometimes used in
medieval manuscripts, and note also the relationship between this term and the
Spanish military rank of alfιrez or ensign (see also
- The term for a pictorial illustration on flags with symbolic meaning, and
whose imagery is usually intended to convey a moral and/or political message.
Command Flag of the Batavian Republic 1797, The Netherland (fotw)
- ALLUSIVE ARMS
- See canting.
- A bearer of the ancient Roman legionary eagle - see
(also 'vexillary' and
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for the upper part of the cart upon which the
standard was placed (see also carrocium,
gajardus and standard 6)).
- AMBASSADORIAL (or AMBASSADORS) FLAG
- See diplomatic flags.
- ANCIENT (or ANSHENT)
- 1) In heraldry, a coat of arms or charge formerly in use but now replaced
by another design which is then termed modern such as, for example, Austria ancient
and Austria modern.
- 2) A 16th/17th Century term, now wholly obsolete, for a ships stern mounted
ensign, or military colour whether displayed ashore or afloat - an auncient (see also
ensign 1) and
- 3) A 16th/17th Century term, now wholly obsolete, equivalent to, and with
the same duties as, the later but also obsolete army rank of ensign (see also
ensign 3) and
From left: Austria Ancient, Austria Modern (fotw)
- A ring-like charge in heraldry see ring.
Flag of Samtgemeinde Velpke, Germany (Jφrg Majewski)
Please note however, it is suggested that a suitable
glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted for correct usage of this term.
- ANTESIGNORY (or ANTESIGNANUS)
- A term, now obsolete, for the guard who precedes a standard (see also
Please note, it is suggested that the alternative form was
used in medieval manuscripts.
- ANTI-HERALDRY (or ANTIHERALDRY)
- A term used to describe the design of those seals and emblems which do not contain
(and may have been specifically designed not to contain) heraldic symbolism for example
the seals of many US states widely used on their flags which are (and were) prepared in
the absence of any central heraldic authority (see also
seal flag and
state flag 2)).
State Seal of Virginia, US (ICH)
Please note, it is suggested that the origins of any such rejection of heraldic
symbolism may be traced to the American War of Independence and French Revolution,
and to the consequent official reaction against all things connected with royalty and
- ANTIQUE CROWN
- A heraldic term for a type of coronet generally comprising of a circlet with
triangular rays all round (see also coronet).
- (n & v) A method of flag manufacture in which one or more pieces of cloth
are stitched on the field to form a design. This technique is often used where
the design on the obverse differs from that on the reverse (see also
- APPOINTMENT FLAG
- 1) In UK and other military usage, that flag which corresponds to a particular
position held, rather than to the rank of the officer who currently holds it -
but see positional flag
(also class flag and rank flag 1)).
- 2) See distinguishing flag 1).
RAF Station Commander, UK (Graham Bartram)