Last modified: 2007-03-17 by rob raeside
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Esteban Rivera, 2 July 2005
On September 20, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of the current members of the CAN have issued a statement in New York recognizing the incorporation of Chile as full member, by Decisión 645 ( http://www.comunidadandina.org/prensa/notas/np20-9-06.htm ). Chile was an original member but it withdrew in 1976, rejoining in 2006. Venezuela was also an original country but it withdrew in 2006.
Esteban Rivera, 23 September 2006
The flag of the Andean Community (Communidad Andina or CAN) is
their logo, which looks like a pattern from indigenous
Andean textiles, in gold on a white background.
Richard Knipel, 13 July 2004
I believe the adoption of their flag, as opposed to their logo,
may be brand new, considering that I browsed through many older photos
of meetings without it (but that did have the national flags), and
that the one that did have it is dated July 12, 2004 (yesterday) for
the inaugural session of the 15th Andean Presidential Council.
Richard Knipel, 13 July 2004
Article 82.- Those signs may not be registered as marks that:
(j) reproduce or imitate the name, coat of arms, flag or other emblem, initials or designation or abbreviated designation of any State or any international organization that has been officially recognized, without the permission of the competent authority of the State or of the international organization concerned; in any event, such signs shall be registerable only where they constitute a subsidiary element in relation to the main distinctive sign;
quoted by Richard Knipel, 13 July 2004
In 1999 these two organizations began negotiating a merger with a view to
creating a South American Free Trade Area (SAFTA). On December 8, 2004, during
the III Summit of Presidents of South America, held in Cusco, Peru, the
Presidents of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana,
Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela signed a cooperation agreement, the
Cuzco Declaration (http://www.comunidadandina.org/documentos/dec_int/cusco_sudamerica.htm)
and they published a joint letter of intention for future negotiations towards
integrating all of South America in the context of the CSN, Comunidad
Sudamericana de Naciones (South American Community of Nations), patterned after
the European Union.
During 2005, Venezuela decided to join Mercosur. Venezuela's official position first appeared to be that, by joining Mercosur, further steps could be taken towards integrating both trade blocs. CAN Secretary General Allan Wagner stated that the Venezuelan Foreign Minister Alí Rodríguez had declared that Venezuela did not intend to leave the CAN, and its simultaneous membership to both blocs marked the beginning of their integration.
However some analysts interpreted that Venezuela might eventually leave the CAN in the process. This prediction seems to have been finally verified in April 2006, with Venezuelan President Chávez's announcement of his country's withdrawal from the Andean Community after stating that, as Colombia and Peru have signed free trade agreements (FTAs) with the United States, the Community is "dead". Officials in Colombia and Peru have expressed their disagreement with this view, as did representatives from Venezuela's industrial sector (Conindustria).
Despite this announcement, Venezuela has yet to formally complete all the necessary withdrawal procedures. According to Venezuela's Commerce Minister María Cristina Iglesias, the entire process will take up to five years. Until then, Venezuela and its partners remain bound by the effects of the community's preexisting commercial agreements.
In this context, the CSN "will be a continent-wide free trade area that will unite two existing free-trade organizations—Mercosur and the Andean Community— liminating tariffs for non-sensitive products by 2014 and sensitive products by 2019. The headquarters of this new organization will be in Lima while the South American Bank will be in Brasilia according to the agreements during the meetings. Complete integration between the Andean Community and Mercosur into the South American Community of Nations is expected by 2007.
On December 28, 2005, Chilean chancellor Ignacio Walker proposed that the name of the community be changed to South American Union (Spanish: Unión Sudamericana, Portuguese: União Sul-Americana); nevertheless, many members stated to him that that proposal had already been rejected to prevent confusion related to its acronym (U.S.A.)". Source: WikiPedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_American_Community_of_Nations)
The CSN does not yet have an official website, nor an official flag, but I saw a logo on a banner being displayed, with a white background, displaying the South American subcontinent on gray, plus several lines looking like rays, in blue, red, yellow and green.
Source: Colombian Ministry of National Defense (http://www.mindefensa.gov.co/) published online on July 14, 2006.
Esteban Rivera, 25 February 2007