Last modified: 2007-10-20 by jarig bakker
Keywords: helgoland |
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image by Jörg Majewski, 17 Jun 2006
Helgoland is a small (1 sq km, pop. 1,650) island, with 61-meter-high cliffs, lying 70 km from the German mainland, formerly a strategic stronghold in the North Sea. A map of the island can be seen at the Helgoland official website (German text only). Heligoland was formerly Heyligeland, i.e. "holy land". According to legend, on the island once stood a temple built for the Germanic god Fosite, who was awesome enough to keep the pirates away. Read more in this BerlinOnline article about Helgoland stamps.
Helgoland was occupied by the British in 1807
to use it as a base against Napoleonic continental Europe, and formally
ceded to Britain by the Duke of Schleswig (and King of Denmark)
in the Treaty of Kiel 14 Jan 1814, and given to Germany by the Treaty of
Zanzibar, also called Treaty of Helgoland-Zanzibar, 10 Aug 1890. It was
again occupied by the British from 8 May 1945
till 1 March 1952.
Santiago Dotor, 28 Sep 2000
Horizontal tricolor green-red-white. In use as local flag since the
century until the present.
Norman Martin, Mar 1998
Nowadays Heligoland's flag is green-red-white. The colours symbolize
the island: the green land, the red cliffs and the white sand. It is flown
by local vessels instead of the German flag and as
a guest-flag on ships visiting the island. In 1990 there was a special
edition of flags in respect of the 100th aniversary of the handover by
the British, but with an additional white "100"
in the center.
Christian Meyer, 25 Aug 1998
A rhyme in local dialect says, "Grön is dat Land, rood is de Kant,
witt is de Sand, dat is de Flagg vun't hillige Land", i.e. "green is
the land, red is the cliff, white is the sand, that is the flag of our
Santiago Dotor, 26 Sep 2000