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Mongolian political parties

Mongol Uls

Last modified: 2007-01-27 by victor lomantsov
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Mongolia People's Revolutionary Party

[flag of Mongolia People's Revolutionary Party] by Rob Raeside

Description of the flag: A blue field bordered on the ends with red vertical stripes approximately 1/6 the length of the flag fly. Centered on the flag is a red star and within the star a yellow circle with a ying-yang symbol.
Phil Nelson, 17 February 1999

[flag of Mongolia People's Revolutionary Party] by Arnaud Leroy

I saw this flag behind Prime Minister Ekhbatyan.
Rob Raeside, 2 July 2004

Could it be a flag of the Revolutionary People's Party ? It seems quite similar to the one we have on the site and the use of the bust behind them suggest "communist".
João Madureira, 2 July 2004; confirmed by Jens Pattke

This is the new flag of the party. Is same as the old one but old emblem (ying yang and behind a red star) is moved to a ying yang on a lotus flower. The arrangement is VERTICALLY and not horizontally as in the reconstruction (and as is possible to see in the photo, in the right side flags. The one from the left side is a hanged normal flag and give the sensation that is horizontal, but stripes are vertical. I assume that the party changed its emblem when moved from communist ideology (red star) to a socialist one (lotus flower, that must be the equivalent of the rose in the westerner socialist parties). The old flags was still in their web page about five years ago, then change can happen about 2000.
Notice that the lotus flower is red instead orange. I believe that theres not any green device in the reproduction of the lotus flower.
Jaume Ollé, 3 July 2004

Mongolian Liberal Democratic Party

[Mongolian Liberal Democratic Party] by Phil Nelson and Željko Heimer

This party advocates the continuing reforms in Mongolia
Phil Nelson, 19 November 1999

Brief history of MNDP, MSDP, DU, MDP, PCW

The the Mongolian National Democratic Party was the result the original group formed in opposition to the communist regime in 1989. By the 1993 presidential elections, they were working in union with the Mongolian Social Democratic Party. By 1996, this alliance was known as the Democratic Union (Coalition) and won the elections that year.

In 2000, the coalition broke up, with some MNDP members leaving to form the Mongolian Democratic Party and the Party of Citizens' Will and the MSDP leaving the coalition. After doing badly in elections during the year, the MNDP and MSDP disbanded and united with three smaller parties to form the Democratic Party. This new party adopted the flag of the MNDP and the logo of the MSDP.

For the 2004 elections, the Democratic Party was part of the Motherland Democratic Coalition, along with other groups including the New Socialist Democratic Party. These elections eventually resulted in a grand coalition government. Apparently the MSDP was reformed following a split in the Democratic Party after the elections.

I recently saw the Mongolian/German film "The Cave of the Yellow Dog", in which a vehicle drives past the main characters encouraging them to "vote the right way" and flying a fairly large flag. I conclude that the flag depicted in the film and on our site was original the flag of the MNDP, and now of the Democratic Party. Looking back in the archives, Jairg's details concerning the MSDP were only a response to Al's report of the flag from a Democratic Party candidate's website, so there doesn't seem to be any sign that it was used by the MSDP. I suspect that the photo in 2004 showed the flag used to represent the Democratic Party rather than the Motherland - Democratic Coalition it was a large part of, but I suppose it is possible that it was used to represent the Coalition in general.
    Sources:\cal02.pdf?show=true Mongolia Political Background Report (mentions the adoption of the flag by the Democratic Party) Political Parties. Anthropology, Mongolia and more... Leftist Parties of Mongolia, as cached by Google, 12 October 2006.
Jonathan Dixon, 21 November 2006

Mongolian Social Democratic Party

[Mongolian Social Democratic Party] by Jarig Bakker

The Mongolian Social Democratic Party (Mongolyn Sotsial-Demokrat Nam) won no seats in the Mongolian Parliament in the elections of 2 June 2000, but things may alter dramatically after the dramatic winter. The MSDP was a principal organizer of the opposition hunger strike of April 13-25, 1994, and won 12 Great Hural seats in 1996. Radnaasümbereliyn Gonchigdorj was vice president of Mongolia from 1990 till 1997. (From: Political Handbook of the world 1997; and Fischer Weltalmanach 2001)
Jarig Bakker, 19 April 2001

I did notice some mistakes on Mongolian political party flags [at FOTW]. The flags of the Mongolian Social Democratic Party (MSDP) and Motherland Democracy Coalition (MDC) are actually the same flag. It is flag of Mongolian Democratic Party (MDP), which was a member of MDC in 2004. MSDP's flag was quiet different from what your site described.
Mashbat Otgonbayar Sarlagtay, 14 October 2006

Mongolian National Democratic Party

[Motherland Democratic Coalition] by James Dignan

In 1992 I saw in mongolian newspaper "Mongol messenger" (#52, 29.12.1992) the same flag (but in black-white). It was the flag of Mongolian National Democratic Party.
Victor Lomantsov, 21 April 2001

Motherland Democratic Coalition

[Motherland Democratic Coalition] by James Dignan

The flag of the Motherland Democratic Coalition is in a 1:2 ratio, just like the national flag of Mongolia. The blue side is the hoist side, and it contains parts of the Mongolian flag symbol in white.
Source: the photo from Reuters
Zachary Harden, 28 June 2004

... It is flag of Mongolian Democratic Party (MDP), which was a member of MDC in 2004.
Mashbat Otgonbayar Sarlagtay, 14 October 2006

Mongolia Democratic Union

[Flag of Mongolia Democratic Union] by Ivan Sache

The flag appears on a photography published in "Courrier International" #421 (26 November 1998), to illustrate a paper originally published in "Far Eastern Economic Review" (Hong-Kong). The legend is "Official delegation and family members attending the funerals of Sanjanzurengiin Zorig, on 7 October 1998."

On the left side of the picture appears a partially rolled flag, something like vertically divided blue/red with a thin vertical white stripe in the middle and a white emblem in canton (a triangle below two "rabbit ears"?). I tried to render it as mn-unk.gif (UUencoded and sent separately). S. Zorig was a member of the Mongolian Democratic Union and one of the leader of the democratic movement of 1990. Can I infer that the unknown flag is the MDU party flag?
Ivan Sache, 10 December 1998

Civil Will Party of Mongolia

[Civil Will Party] by Mashbat O.Sarlagtay

Hereby, I send you the flag of Civil Will Party of Mongolia. The party was founded in 2000 and considered the major third party of Mongolian politics. The CWP symbol constitutes a white falcon with red star in her heart flying in the blue sky. The party flag is white with its logo in the center. This flag was not changed since the party's establishment in 2000.
Mashbat O.Sarlagtay, 16 November 2006