Last modified: 2007-04-14 by antónio martins
Keywords: liberia | star: 5 points (white) | stripes: 11 | stripes: 13 | united states | cross: couped (white) | doubt | flag day |
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Flag of 11 red and white stripes with blue canton containing a white
five-pointed star. Most modern sources agree on 10:19 ratio of the flag
(based also on the US flag ratio), but
older sources seem to ignore it. Seems that the exact
construction of the flag was never established in other way then by
Željko Heimer, 09 May 2002
The eleven stripes stand for the eleven signatories of
the Liberian declaration of independence.
Roy Stilling, 04 Dec 1996
Following the declaration of independence in on July 26, 1847, the founders of that first African Republic scheduled August 24, 1847 as the date of unfurling a new flag for the new Republic.
The new flag was similar to an earlier flag attributed to the Colony except that in place of a “Christian cross” in the upper left corner, was a single star. One local poet — in describing the describing the flag in a publication on August 26, 1847 — said of the star «after ages of wandering, has at length found its orbit». While also similar to the American “Stars and Stripes”, the Liberian flag had eleven stripes representing the eleven individuals elected to the Constitution Convention of 1847.
At the special program Susanna Waring-Lewis, chairperson of the committee appointed to sew the new flag, gave a “patriotic” speech which, according to an attending correspondent as a «testimony of female patriotism and ardor in the cause of Liberia’s independence».
Another correspondent described the ceremony this way: «During the ceremony of presenting the flag, many eyes were suffused with tears. And indeed, who that remembered the past could forbear to weep? Who that looked back to America and remembered what he saw and felt there, Could be otherwise than agitated».
(Complied from: Press Freedom in Liberia, 1830-1970, by Dr. Carl Burrowes Earl Burrowes, for the Liberian Human Rights Network)
The Liberia’s national flag is called
“LONE STAR”. The eleven horizontal stripes represent the eleven
signers of the declaration of independence and the constitution of
the Republic of Liberia; the blue field symbolizes the continent
of Africa; the five pointed white star depicts Liberia as the
first “independent republic” on the continent of Africa; the
red color designates “valor”; the white, “purity”; and the
blue, “fidelity”. Although these representations are uniquely
Liberian, the flag itself is a replica of “Old Glory”, the
national flag of the United States.
Pascal Gross, 07 Sep 1998
the flag was legally established in an "Annex to the Constitution of the Republic of Liberia" of 16 June 1847, and the relevant part reads as follows:
The Flag shall consist of six red stripes alternating with five white stripes arranged in sequence. In the upper corner of the flag next to the staff is a square, blue canton covering the first five stripes, and in the centre of blue is a white star.
The proportions were fixed at 10:19 by a Flag Law (amending a previous Code of Law of an unknown date and) approved by the National Legislature on 11 April 1961, together with details of the design and the shades of red and blue. The relevant Sections read as follows:
Description of the Flag:
The National Flag of the Republic shall consist of eleven horizontal red and white stripes. The stripes shall alternate and the first and the last shall be red. There shall be a square blue canton extending from the left top corner of the Flag to the bottom of the third red stripe, and a large five-pointed star superimposed in the exact centre of the blue canton.
Distinguishing characteristics of the Flag:
The following shall be the distinguishing characteristics of the Flag:
- The exact shade of blue in the Flag shall be Navy Blue, which symbolizes liberty, justice and fidelity;
- The exact shade of the white in the Flag shall be pure white, meaning the chromatic color of the highest brilliance and symbolizing purity, cleanliness and guilelessness; and,
- The exact shade of red in the flag shall be ruby red, which signifies steadfastness, valor and fervor.
Sizes and general uses of the Flag:
The following shall constitute the different sizes and uses of the Flag:
- Garrison Flag 29 feet × 39 feet.
- Port Flag 10 feet × 19 feet
- Storm Flag 5 feet × 9 feet 6 inches
- Interment Flag as Storm Flag
- Vehicle Flag Note larger than 14 inches in the fly.
Christopher Southworth, 17 Mar 2004
Most modern sources agree on 10:19 ratio of the flag,
but older sources seem to ignore it, as well as the relative size of the
canton and the star within. So [neu92] has
2:3 image, and [gmc17]
has an image that measures 20×33 mm. Today it seems it is taken for granted
that the canton is square, but the two other sources has the canton about
2:3 and 4:5 respectivly. They all agree that the height of the canton is
five stripes. The star seems to be inscribed in a circle with diameter about
3 stripes width (though with minor differences in all three soruces).
Željko Heimer, 09 May 2002
As you can see there is no size given in the laws
for the star only the instruction that it should be «large».
Christopher Southworth, 17 Mar 2004
Flaggenbuch (1939-1941) [neu92]
shows the National flag, but with proportion 2:3 instead of 10:19.
Ivan Sache, 01 Jun 1999
This flag has the number 764 in the flag number of National Geographic
Magazine (1917.10) [gmc17].
Željko Heimer, 10 May 2002
One of Smith’s books describes the flag from 1827,
based on US flag, but with a white cross instead of the
stars. The proclamation of independence arose out of an
incident in 1845 when the British captured a Liberian
ship flying that flag, considered illegal by the British.
Željko Heimer, 01 May 1996
I read a book at my library written by an American
missionary who visited Liberia shortly after its declaration
of independence. He describes this flag, which bears a
Christian cross (bottom arm of double length), but describes
a British vessel as the first to salute it. In fact, the first
salute was refused by the Liberians because it occurred on the
Sabbath, so the whole scene was replayed by the British captain
on Monday. Flag salutes were a big deal in those days; it was
tantamount to recognition by a foreign nation.
Steve Kramer, 02 May 1996
The original (1827) flag of Liberia had a white cross
on a blue canton. I presume this was changed to the current
single star when Liberia became independent in 1845. Liberia
may be the only country in the world to have gained
independence because of its national flag. British
warships operating against the slave trade in West Africa
didn’t recognize the Liberian flag and so in order to
legitimize it (the flag) the territory was declared
Stuart A. Notholt, 20 Sep 1996
Smith [smi80] says «Liberia had had
a flag since 1827. Understandably, the American flag
constituted the basic design except that a white cross substituteed for the
stars. In 1845 a Liberian ship flying that flag was seized by British
authorities for lack of a recognized ensign; to give this flag international
standing the decision was made to proclaim Liberian independence.» The
flag was altered by reducing the number of stripes to 11 and replacing the
cross with a single white star 26 July
Dave Martucci, 21 Apr 1997
In AllAfrica news
site it is written that August 24 is
the Flag Day holiday in Liberia.
Devereaux Cannon, 27 Aug 2005
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