Last modified: 2008-07-19 by dov gutterman
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The 'Provisional Government' of Israel which was the governing
body until the first elections included members who came mostly
from socialist parties. The leading party was Israel Land
Workers Party (MAPAI) which after some unifications and
distributions is today's Israel Labour
Party which was in power in 1948-1977 and 1992-1996. The
Freedom Movement (Kherut) which also after some
unifications is today's Likud Party
was a rival fraction in 1948 and therefore had no part in the
Dov Gutterman, 19 February 1999
The flags used during the 1999 political campaign lacked any
vexillological value, in my humble opinion. All parties used
flags which were usually the name of the party or a slogan on a
bedsheet. There were so many variants to each party, you cannot
even speak about semi-official flags. Major parties used
combinations of blue-azure-white. Some parties used green on
white or red and white.
The only party that showed something that can be considered as a semi-official flag was Meretz. In the flag of Ale-Yarok (Green Leaf) party, the famous green leaf replaced the Magen David on the Israeli flag.
Dov Gutterman, 19 May 1999
Both the Likud party, the
Labour party and the Moledet flags all show their
logo [instead of the Magen David] on the national flag which is a common practice in
Israel since many municipalities follow
this pattern too.
Dov Gutterman, 13 December 2000
The Arab Parties in the Knesset are:
Dov Gutterman, 29 December 2000
Voting in Israel is done by choosing a note with letter or
combination of letters printed on it which represent the party
desire. Those letters usually don't reflect the real name of the party.
For instance , the labour party use the combination alef-mem-taf (which by no coincidence means Emet = Truth) which is combination of the previous letters of three parties, one of each no longer part of the labour party - Alef of MAPAI - Taf from the taf-vav of Akhdut Ha'Avoda and mem of MAPAM, letter to give the mem to MERETZ). The Likud party use mem-het-lamed which is also combination of previous letters of three parties - mem from the ayin-mem of La'Am, het of
Herut and lamed of the Liberals).
When "Shas" was established the asked and got the letters shin-sameh, and as become with other parties (such as MERETZ), the party is more known by its letters then by its official name.
Dov Gutterman, 12 January 2003
Each party got its own "letter" or combination of
letters which sometimes became a second "nickname" for
the party or sometimes its publicaly known name. Those letters
are not alaways connected with the party name.
Therfore the Labour Party is sometimes ragarded also as Reshimat Emet (Emet List). Same goes with the leading Likud Party, sometimes also regarded as MAHAL list becouse of its letters: Mem-Het-Lamed.
From the other hand, Shinui Party in not known as YESH (Yud-Shin) list but as "Shinui" and same goes about the MAFDAL which is not BET list.
The extreme case is SHAS which is publicly known only by its letters (Shin-Sameh) and almost never regarded by its official name.
Dov Gutterman, 10 June 2003
After series of wrong doings by parties, especially in with
raising and using of fonds, the Knesset enacted an act in 1992
that specify rules about what is right and what is wrong.
Since 1992, when registration become obligatory, 74 parties were registered. 2 already notify their disseverment so, today 72 parties are registered.
However, many of those parties exist only on paper or stopped any activity, and just didn't bother to dissolve officially. Only 37 parties in 31 lists take part in 2006 elections.
Dov Gutterman, 28 March 2006
image by Alex Rybalka, 29 January 2005
personal standard of the leader
image by Alex Rybalka, 29 January 2005
I have information about the flag of Israeli right-wing
movement "Bead Artseinu". The flag have two sides -
Temple and sign of "Jewish plus", which symbolizes
doctrine of Hiperzionism..
The second image is the personal standard (banner) of the leader of the Movement.
Information received from leader of Movement - Rabbi Abraham Shmulevich.
Alex Rybalka, 29 January 2005
Seems to be aimed at Russian-speakers, interestingly. Don't
read anything too nefarious into the "Jewish plus."
It's used by some Jews uncomfortable (for religious reasons) with
making a cross, so the lower line is removed. Furthermore, it
seems to be purely a design element here.
Of course, there are some Jews who even avoid crossing their arms to keep from making a "cross" of sorts. If you're ever on an El Al plane, check the volume and channel controls on the audio/visual system- the plus sign is the "Jewish plus." I can't say I agree with this belief, but just wanted to point out that it's out there.
Nathan Lamm, 30 January 2005
That means that those Jews associate the cross exclusively
with Christian religions and more important, they are ignorant
that the origin of the plus sign "+" is not the cross
but the Latin "et". See: <www.roma.unisa.edu.au>.
Santiago Dotor, 9 February 2005
The international Hyperzionist Movement "Bead
Artseinu" ("For Motherland!") was founded in 2001
by a group of young Israeli politicians, intellectuals and
The Movement includes several hundred activists (primarily Russian-speaking repatriants, although there are representatives of different Jewish diasporas, as well as different nationalities). The number of those who support Bead Artseinu is numbering in the thousands.
Today "Bead Artseinu" is the only movement on the Israeli social-political scene, which has a clearly defined strategic goal as well as a unique ideology.
The official ideology of the movement is Hyperzionism. Hyperzionism is a thoroughly developed ideology, in development of which took part the best politologists of Israel and Russia. Hyperzionism is an ideology of the 3rd millenium, that has come to replace the obsolete ideology of political zionism, which is intended to give a new impulse to the growth and development of Israel, and which fully corresponds to the realities of the coming post-industrial era. This is why the importance of Hyperzionism transcends the boundaries of Israel and is capable of resolving the most urgent questions faced by mankind as a whole. The intent of Hyperzionism is to support the development of a powerful and independent Israel as a country which would have leading roles in the global economy, science and culture, the creation of "the Israeli Empire" in minimal borders from the Nile to Euphrates, the rebuilding of the Jerusalem Temple, and returning of the glorious heroic image to the Jewish people, as described in Tanakh.
The movement is active internationally. One of the main goals of the Movement's existence is to counteract Muslim fundamentalism, which presents a fundamental threat not only to Israel, but to the entire modern civilization. To enhance awareness of this threat and to unite the forces, capable of standing against it, "Bead Artseinu" employs its versatile international connections, first and foremost in Western Europe, Russia and CIS, in various Christian and Muslim circles.
The movement has conducted a number of political actions, directed to defend the Jews of diaspora, the Holy Land as well as in support of our political allies.
Two films were made about "Bead Artseinu", which were screened on Israeli TV channels "Israel-Plus" (a film by Peter Majstrovoy "For God, King and Fatherland") and "NTV-World" (a film by Alexander Stupnikov "The New Jewish Revolutionaries"), also there was multiple news coverage on the TV networks of Israel, Russia and other countries. Also, a chapter is dedicated to the movement in a book "Against the Modern World" by professor Michael Sedgwick, published by the Oxford University (the book deals with modern Traditionalist political parties and movements). Altogether, the activities of "Bead Artseinu" receive regular coverage in Israeli and foreign press. Many members of the movement have gained recognition in various areas, for example, the leader of the Movement, Rabbi Abraham Shmulevich is a renowned publicist, a religious leader and historian, one of the leading specialists in geopolitics, his social studies articles and essays have appeared in various printed and electronic mass media of Israel, the United States, Russia, CIS and Western Europe; the Secretary of the movement, Alexander Rybalka, a renowned Israeli journalist, science-fiction writer, an author of five books, an expert on the Jewish mysticism (translated to Russian one of the most important books of Kabbalah "Sepher Yetzira" and compiled "An Encyclopedia of Jewish Demonology"); a member of the Political Council of the movement, one of the leading Israeli Russian-speaking journalist and publicists, an affiliate of the "Vesti" newspaper Leon Vershinin; the list goes on.
The official mass medium of "Bead Artseinu" is website <www.zarodinu.org>, where materials are hosted in 5 different languages (Hebrew, Russian, English, German, French). Chapters of the movement exist in Russia, the United States, Great Britain, the West Indies and Germany with a planned chapter in Italy.
The first need of the movement is to optimize the work of the website, establishment of its own printed edition, possibly in part for-profit, an establishment of its own Eshivah and Centers of Spiritual Development and the hosting of several scientific-practical conferences.
Alex Rybalka, 31 January 2005
I read this long message about this ephemeral movement which I
never heard about. I would say that they exaggerate in the
numbers and in its significance.
It seems that they approach the immigrants from the CIS (the two channels they refer to are the Israeli Russian speaking channel and a Russian channel that seen here on cables.)
The name of this movement is probably taken from the immortals words of Yosef Trumpeldur, a local hero who was killed in 1919 while defending his settlement in the upper Gallilee (Tel-Hai) against Arab attack and while mortally wounded said: "it is good to die for the motherland".
Dov Gutterman, 31 January 2005
image by Eugene Ipavec, 16 January 2006
Photo of Israeli National Bolshevik Party flag can be seen at
Tom M, 16 January 2006
Another photo of the flag can be ssen here.
Christina Janke, 25 September 2006
Yedi'ot Akhronot newspaper of 23rd May 2001 showed
two pictures (first and second) of flags that were
carried during the flag dance of Bnei Akiva
a religious youth movement connected with the Mafdal
or National Religious Party that took place the day before
in front of Jerusalem wall. There were two kinds of flags in the
dance, the national flag and another one based on the national
flag with a logo replacing the magen David. The latter
is not Bnei Akiva's flag but that of an extreme
right-wing political movement named Tnu'at Ne'emanei
Har-Habait, Temple Mount Trustees Movement.
Dov Gutterman, 24 May 2001
I located a better picture
of the flag at their website. Their official name is the Temple
Mount and Land of Israel Faithful Movement.
Dov Gutterman, 30 August 2001
"Two giant stones - 6.5 tons each - were transported
yesterday morning...in a large parade around downtown Jerusalem,
accompanied by dozens of cars draped with flags of Israel and the
Temple. The stones are fit to be used as the cornerstones of the
Temple, says Gershon Solomon of the Temple Mount
It's a bit presumptuous for them to call the flag of their organization "the flag of the Temple." After all, there are a number of Temple-related organizations besides them.
On the other hand, their logo is a simple picture of the Temple, so as long as there's no words, perhaps it's OK, if unimaginative.
Nathan Lamm, 8 August 2003
A report from Israel about a march around the walls of
Jerusalem reports: "Among the sights...were...'white, blue
and black flags depicting the rebuilt Temple' and
strategically-placed flags indicating the names of the various
gates for the marchers' edification."
No further details as yet.
Nathan Lamm, 28 August 2003
I have just seen a magazine article with a picture of a
Temple-related flag, but I'm not sure if it's related to any
organization, or just represents the Temple as such.
The flag is bright blue. In the center, surrounded by a white (cloudlike) shape that approximates their shape, is an image of the Temple facade (with outer courts) in red with gold details, and below it in gold, the Hebrew words "Yibaneh Hamikdash Bemiherah," "Build the Temple Soon."
Nathan Lamm, 10 October 2004
Few days ago, the Knesset voted in favour of PM Sharon's
severing plan. For those who are not updated on Middle East
politics, the plan includes evacuating of the Israeli settlements
in Gaza Strip.
While discussing the issue there was a demonstration against the plan. The demonstrators used orange flags charged with blue Magen David and inscriptions above and below it. I noticed two variants: Yehuda/VeHashomron (Judea/and
Simaria) and Gush Qatif/Lanetzkh Nenatzeakh (Qatif Block/Forever we will
win) but there could be also others.
Photos at <wmh.walla.co.il>, <www.ynet.co.il>.
Dov Gutterman, 30 October 2004
In the second photo, most demonstrators can be seen wearing
orange t-shirts. Does the use of the color orange in both the
flag and the clothing have any particular meaning?
Thorsten, 30 October 2004
It is used, probably, because it don't represent any political
party. I don't know of any other particular meaning.
Dov Gutterman, 30 October 2004
Orange has been chosen as a color symbolizing solidarity with
the settlers in Gaza, worn as the color of caps, t-shirts, etc.
.Nathan Lamm, 30 October 2004
The settlers who are against PM Sharon plan to evacuate Gaza
strip, choose the orange as their color. During a demonstration
in Jerusalem yesterday, one could see many national flags with orange
instead of white.
Dov Gutterman, 31 January 2005
One thing I've noticed looking at the crowd was that none of
those were actual cloth flags, they all appear to have been
printed on some sort of stiff material. I guess it make it easier
to display in low wind condition.
Marc Pasquin, 31 January 2005
The flag of such movement was a six-pointed star (Magen David)
in blue, two parallel lines also in blue (wider than the lines of
the national flag) over an orange background with some words in
hebrew. I saw this flag in some windows, balconies and cars.
The orange pro-settlers groups were distributing orange strips in crossways. They also sell this flags for 5 NIS.
The Hebrew words could be: "Gush Katif" or "Yehuda VeShomeron".
Supporters of the Disengagement Plan started to use blue strips but only few of them used it.
Santiago Tazón, 5 September 2005
I saw a photo by Baz Ratner/AP that made front page in the
P?BLICO newspaper at August 14, 2005. It shows a flag which I
also saw on TV waved by Gaza settlers, or at least mlitants
against the Gaza retreat.
Modelled after the israeli national flag, it's orange in colour with two very narrow blue horizontal stripes above and below a magden david, also blue (and clearly outlined in black in the original photo), and inscriptions in hebrew above the upper stripe and below the lower stripe. Unfortunately, the photo only captures the central part of the flag and most of the writing becomes unreadable.
Jorge Candeias, 8 January 2007
See also: Regional Council of Hof Azza