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Colombia - Governmental Organizations Flags

Last modified: 2008-07-19 by dov gutterman
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The Judicial System:

Other Governmental Organizations:

See also:

Ministerio de Defensa Nacional (Ministry of National Defense)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 14 September 2006

The flag of the Ministerio de Defensa Nacional (Ministry of National Defense). Its official website located at <>.
E. R., 14 September 2006


image by Eugene Ipavec,

I saw a picture showing a variant of the already existing flag of the Ministry of National Defense. The flag includes the words Ministerio de Defensa Nacional.
Source: <>.
E. R., 5 July 2007

Ministerio del Interior y de Justicia (Ministry of Interior and Justice)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 1 June 2006

Yesterday I saw a broadcast on TV of Minister Sabas Pretelt de La Vega, the current Minister of Interior and Justice. On the background there was the flag of this Ministry. The flag is the Colombian tricolor, with the Coat of Arms on the middle, bordered by a red fringe, with the words REPUBLICA DE COLOMBIA, in yellow, capitals, inside the fringe, and on the bottom it reads MINISTERIO DEL INTERIOR Y DE JUSTICIA, also in yellow.
The official websites of this Ministry are: <>, <>.
E. R., 1 June 2006

Ministerio de Transporte (Ministry of Transportation)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 8 July 2006

I recently saw on the entrance of the Airport Jose Maria Cordova in the Municipality of RIonegro (Department of Antioquia), the flag of the Ministerio de Transporte (Ministry of Transportation). The flag is a horizontal shape flag, all yellow (the same shade as the Colombian national flag) and it has a black diagonal line going from the bottom hoist to the top fly. The width of this stripe is the same as the small circular logo.
Official website:<>.
E. R., 19 June 2006

The Judicial System - Overview

The Colombian Judicial system has four High Courts, which are:
- Corte Constitucional (Constitutional Court): Established by the 1991 Political Constitution, composed by seven Magistrates and it's in charge of safekeeping the principles of the Constitution and the Constitutionality of the administrative actions of the government. Its official website is <>
- Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice): Since the Colombian first declaration of independence (July 20, 1810) and the establishment of several independent States like Tunja (1811), Antioquia (1812), Cartagena de Indias (1812) and Cundinamarca (1812), each State had its own organ in charge of the administration of justice. Later, when several States established the Provincias Unidad de la Nueva Granada (United Provinces on New Granada), on September 23rd, 1814, the Alto Tribunal de Justicia (High Tribunal of Justice) was established. Later during the Republic of Colombia (better known as the Great Colombia, a Court was created in the Constitution of 1821 of August 30, named Alta Corte de Justicia (High Court of Justice). Later, when the Great Colombia dissolved, the Republic of New Granada was formed, and on its Constitution of 1832 of February 29, the Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court) was established. Then on May 20, 1853 during the period of the Republic of New Granada, the Corte Suprema de la Nación (Nation Supreme Court) is established. Then during the period of the Grenadine Confederation on the Constitution of 1858 of May 22, the Courte Suprema (Supreme Court) was the organ in charge. Then during the period of the Estados Unidos de Colombia (United States of Colombia) the Constitution of May 8, 1863 established the Corte Suprema Federal (Supreme Federal Court). Then on the establishment of the República de Colombia (Republic of Colombia) on the Constitution of August 4, 1886, the organ was renamed Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice). This Court was based on the Spanish Law of its Appeal Court of 1885, which at the same time was inspired on the French Appeal Court. It currently is made up of seven Magistrates.
- Consejo de Estado (Council of State): It was first established by Simón Bolívar by Presidential Decree as President of the Republic of Venezuela in the city of Angostura (now called Ciudad Bolívar , on the Department of Bolivar, of the Republic of  Venezuela), on October 30, 1817 and it was based on the same institution created by Napoleon in France back in 1799. It was an organ that replaced the citizens in the popular election bodies (democratic bodies) and help to make decisions at a State level. On the 1821 Constitution it worked as the Consejo de Gobierno (Government Council). On August 27, 1828, under Decree by Simón Bolívar the rules for the Consejo de Estado are established, changing only the number of representatives in the 1830 Constitution . The 1832 Constitution changes the number of Representatives and also establishes the Consejo de Gobierno. The 1843 Constitution supresses the Consejo de Estado but allows the Consejo de Gobierno, which remained during the 1858 Constitution as well. During the periods of the Confederación Granadina (Grenadine Confederation, 1856-1861), the Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada (United States of New Granada, 1861) and the Estados Unidos de Colombia (United States of Colombia, 1861-1886) there is no mention of either the Consejo de Estado or Consejo de Gobierno. In the 1886 Constittuion it reappears as Consejo de Estado working as a consultant organ and also preparing the Acts to pass to Congress. Later during the dictatorship of Rafael Reyes, the Consejo de Estado was abolished by Constitutional Ammendment No. 10, of 1905. Then by Constitutional Ammendment of September 10, 1914 the establishment of the Consejo de Estado is permanent being the highest consultant government body in terms of administrative issues.
- Consejo Superior de la Judicatura (Judiciary Superior Council): It was established in the Constitution of 1991, although several attempts were made to establish an organ of such carachteristics back in the 1970's and 1980's. It is in charge of the administration of justice, that is, the supervision of all judges around the country.
Source: Rama Judicial (Judiciary Branch) official website at <>.
E. R., 10 September 2006

Corte Constitucional (Constitutional Court)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 10 September 2006

I recently saw the flag of the Corte Constitucional (Constitutional Court) of Colombia on August 15, 2006, on the TV news channel Caracol Noticias.
E. R., 10 September 2006

Contraloría General de la República (Comptroller General of the Republic)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 20 December 2005

This Colombian governmental flag is very similar to the flag of the Procuraduría General de la Nación. It has the same ratio, and same white background. This government organization is in charge of keeping accounting records as control over public expenditures. The main building for this government organization is located in Bogota, but it has branch offices in all the 32 Departments and also in the main cities.
Source: Official website <>.
E. R., 20 December 2005

Defensoría del Pueblo ("Ombudsman")

image by Eugene Ipavec, 2 July 2006

This is the flag of a Colombian government organization named Defensoría del Pueblo, which is the equivalent to the European Ombudsman. The flag should be a plain white background with the Emblem on the middle.
Official website at <>.
E. R., 2 July 2006

Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad - DAS (Administrative Security Department)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 9 November 2005

image by Eugene Ipavec, 9 November 2005

image by Eugene Ipavec, 2 March 2006

Coat of Arms
image contributed by E. R., 12 June 2005

Translated from <> (located by Dov Gutterman): "On rectangular shape, is formed by sky blue and white colors in two equal horizontal bands, with sky blue on top and white on bottom, the national tricolor will appear in circular 'cucarda' shape in the center of the flag."  
Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad (Administrative Security Department), is Colombia's secret police, in charge of home land security, immigration, emigration, bodyguards for public servants, criminal investigations, etc.
Carlos Thompson, 5 November 2004

Coat of Arms of DAS (Security, Intelligence and Secret Service) is taken from the book "Himnos y Símbolos de Nuestra Colombia" , page 278. Written in 2000 by Julio Cesar García, edited by Camer Editores. ISBN 958-33-1489-7.
E. R., 12 June 2005

There is an additional flag which has the same color pattern, only with the DAS Coat of Arms in the middle.
E. R., 9 November 2005

Dirección de Impuestos y Aduanas Nacionales - DIAN (National Tariffs and Taxes Directorate)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 6 March 2008

The flag DIAN (Dirección de Impuestos y Aduanas Nacionales, or National Tariffs and Taxes Directorate). The DIAN has the category of a Unidad Administrativa Especial (Special Administrative Unit), same status as Aeorcivil. The DIAN was formed by the merger of the DAN (Dirección de Aduanas Nacionales, National Tariffs Directorate) and the DIN (Dirección de Impuestos Nacionales, National Taxes Directorate), on June 1, 1993, when Decree No. 2117 of 1992 entered into force.  The DIAN is in charge of the administration and control of of national taxes and tariffs.
The flag is the DIAN's logo (seen on the official website) on a white background.
Source:  Screenshot of newspaper El Tiempo of its online edition of February 4, 2008
E. R., 6 March 2008

Dirección General de Prisiones - INPEC (General Prision Directorate)

image by Carlos Thompson, 5 November 2004

ceremonial flag
image by Carlos Thompson, 5 November 2004

image by Carlos Thompson, 5 November 2004

From <>:
"Mediante resolución Ministerial No. 3991 del 6 de septiembre de 1965, sen adoptó la bandera de la Dirección General de Prisiones, con las siguientes características:
La bandera estará compuesta por los colores blanco, rojo y negro, distribuidos en tres franjas horizontales de iguales dimensiones, de las cuales el blanco ocupará la superior, el rojo la central y el negro la inferior. El color blanco significará la purificación del individuo por la pena. El color rojo, tenido como expresión del amor a la libertad, recordará que aquella se conquista por la acción del trabajo. El color negro evocará la austeridad  e indicará que el perfeccionamiento del hombre y su superación se logran con base en el esfuerzo y constante disciplina.
La bandera del servicio de Prisiones que se ice en Pabellones, deberá tener tres (3) metros de largo por dos (2) de ancho.
La bandera de Prisiones para desfiles tendrá un metro con treinta y cinco (1.35) centímetros de largo, por un metro con diez (1.10) centímetros de ancho. La bandera de desfiles llevará en el centro un escudo que adopte como distintivo la Dirección General de Prisiones.
La bandera estará confeccionada en seda suelta e irá sujeta al asta por medio de un dobladillo o jareta amplia, hecho con la misma tela."
Dov Gutterman, 26 May 2002

Flags of the General Prision Direction in Colombia (Dirección General de Prisiones, known by their previous acronym: INPEC). The flag for flying is 2 m. width by 3 m. long, and the ceremonial flag is 1.10 m. width by 1.35 m. long, with the emblem in the center. In the emblem, in the left side of the book (dexter) is the following cite:   "Con el estudio, el trabajo y la disciplina romperás las cadenas del cautiverio, porque el estudio eleva, el trabajo redime y la disciplina libera". and around the legend says: "Ministerio de Justicia y del Derecho - Instituto Nacional Penitenciario y Carcelario"   I don't know if this has changed, since now the Ministry of Justice has merged with the Ministry of Interior, and INPEC official name is Dirección Nacional de Prisiones.
Carlos Thompson, 5 November 2004

INPEC stands for "Instituto Nacional Penitenciario y Carcelario". It changed its name on5th of November, 2004. However the abbreviation still stands even though the name changed because people are more familair with it.
It is not a police force. They are allowed to wear uniforms, use weapons and have custody of all prisons but they are not an organizational part of the Colombian Police, they are under the the Minister of Interior and Justice.  
Here is INPEC's coat of arms from the book "Himnos y Símbolos de Nuestra Colombia" , page 277. Written in 2000 by Julio Cesar García, edited by Camer Editores. ISBN 958-33-1489-7.
E. R., 12 June 2006

ECOPETROL - Empresa Colombiana de Petróleos (Colombian Oil Company)

image by Luis Carrillo, 18 July 2002

Flag of Empresa Colombiana de Petróleos ECOPETROL.
Luis Carrillo, 18 July 2002

FENACON - Federación Nacional de Concejos (Councils' National Federation)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 14 october 2007

The flag of FENACON (Federación Nacional de Concejos), or Councils' National Federation. "Council" is the Legislative Branch of government in a Municipality in Colombia, and the Federation is the gathering of the councilmen of (so far) 623 Municipalities' Councils. Image is baed on photo taken from the official website of the Colombian Ministry of National Defense. In the photo there is the Colombian Defens Minister Juan Manuel Santos as he appears in front of the Colombian flag (left) and the FENACON flag (right), togheter with FENACON's current President Mauricio Tobón, who is also the President of Medellín's Council.
FENACON official website is at <>.
E.R., 14 october 2007

Fiscalía General de la Nación (Nation's General Attorney)

image by Jaume Ollé, 30 May 2005

The flag of the Fiscalía General de la Nación (nation's General Attorney). Official website at <>.
The purpose of the "Fiscalía" (as it is widely known locally) is to investigate crimes and qualify the judicial processes before judges and tribunals.
The logo, a puzzle piece, is oficially called "Pieza clave" (it could be translated as "smoking gun", or main proof) and it was created in 1996 (see <>. The image is based on the actual Fiscalía flag taken form the official website.
E. R., 30 May 2005

FONADE- Fondo Financiero de Proyectos de Desarrollo (Financial Fund for Development Projects)

image from <>

There is a Colombian government company called FONADE (Fondo Financiero de Proyectos de Desarrollo- Financial Fund for Development Projects). It depends on the DNP (Departamento Nacional de Planeación, or Nationa Planning Department). The DNP stands at the same administrative level as DAS for being an Administrative Department within the Government. The DNP is in charge of the strategic economic and social planning of the country, as well as the management of the sources and resources to execute such projects nationwide. The FONADE has the main task of managing development projects in the early stages, supporting the project through financig, advisory, administrative research projects, grants credits, as well as supports for scientific, technological and environmental activities within a specific project. It is mostly a development agency. For the emblem of FONADE refer to the corporate image manual, where a detailed 18 page document ellaborated in 2000 shows the uses and misues of the FONADE emblem at <>.
E. R., 2 August 2006

INVIAS - Instituto Nacional de Vías (National institute of Roads)

image by Ivan Sarajcic, 26 July 2002

Based on image from <>.
Dov Gutterman, 22, July 2002

Procuraduría General de la Nación (Advocate General of the Nation)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 25 August 2005

The Procuraduría General de la Nación represents the citizens before the State. It currently has around 3,400 employees and its mission is to oversee the proceedures of the State, abiding by the laws and the functions it has according to the 1991 Political Constitution. Its main three goals are: 1. Preventive function: this goal is directed towards "alerting" instead of "punishing", watching over government employees. 2. Intervention function: this is oriented towards defending the rights on behalf of any Colombian authority (religious, military, governmental, judiciary, police, civil, agricultural or any other kind). 3. Disciplinary function: this goal is focused on the sanctions carried out by violations of one or multiple individuals who, in office, have carried out improper activities as government officials.
The flag is the logo with the Colombian Coat of Arms (without the motto) on white background.
E. R., 30 May and 25 August 2005

Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil (Civil State National Registry)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 8 March 2006

This is the flag of Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil (Civil State National Registry). Official website at <>. This government body is in charge of registring all civilians, give them their ID's, pass laws regardig these subjects to Congress, classify and file these information, and also manage the Consejo Nacional Electoral (National Election Council, abbreviated CNE, official website at <>). At the same time the CNE is in charge of all matters related to the election process in Colombia. The flag of the Registraduría (as it is commonly known), is a green over white flag (internal ratio 1:1) , pretty much like the flag of the Department of La Guajira, but the shade of green resembles more that of the flag of the Department of Antioquia, plus the Coat of Arms on the center.
E. R., 8 March 2006

Seguro Social (Social Inssurance)

image by Jorge Candeias, 17 April 2004

In a commercial (?) site there is a flag that seems to be the national security flag. Is it a governmental flag or a commercial one?
See <>.
Dov Gutterman, 19 November 2003

Seguro (Social inssurance) refers surely to a social services from the state, like health and pensions. Seems that this hospital is collaborating with the department of Social inssurance of Colombia
Jaume Olle', 19 November 2003

The Instituto del Seguro Social is a governmental organization for health care and pension.  There are also some private organizations but this one is public.  I don't recall having seen an actual flag, but I cannot deny it either.
Carlos Thompson, 20 November 2003

The flag is a white-green bicolour with an "S" logo in the upper field and the name in the top of the lower field.
Jorge Candeias, 17 April 2004

Superintendencia de Sociedades (Societies Superintendency)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 24 January 2008

The flag of the Superintendencia de Sociedades (Societies Superintendency), official website at <>. It is a technical organization of the Colombian government. It is one of ten such organizations in charge of the inspection, control and surveillance of its own aspect.
Source: Caracol news channel (<>), TV caps taken on July 25, 2006.
E.R., 24 January 2008

UAEAC - Unidad Administrativa Especial Aeronáutica Civil (Special Administrative Unit - Civil Aeronautics)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 24 August 2005

image by Eugene Ipavec, 10 March 2006

The flag of the Colombian Aviation Authority (its official name is UAEAC, or Unidad Administrativa Especial Aeronáutica Civil, or Special Administrative Unit Civil Aeronautics, usually shortened Aeronáutica Civil or Aerocivil - official website: <>).
E.R., 19 August 2005