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Piauí (Brazil)

Last modified: 2008-08-09 by ian macdonald
Keywords: piaui | star (white) | stripes: 13 (green | yellow) | canton (blue) |
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[Flag of Piauí (Brazil)] 7:10 image by André Pires Godinho, 25 October 2006
Adopted 17 November 2005

See also:

Flag of the State of Piauí

On November 17, 2005; the Brazilian State of Piauí modified the flag. On that date the State Law 5.507 proclaimed:

"Article 1st. The Flag of the State of Piauí, defined by the Law 1050 of June 24, 1922, will contain the date of *13 de Março de 1823* (March 13,1823) the day of the Battle of Jenipapo, written in white, capital letters, in the blue rectangle above the star"[note].

This date, March 13, 1823, is the day of the Batalha do Jenipapo (Battle of Genipap) the bloody battle in the Independence war of Brazil. At the banks of the Jenipapo river where today is located the city of Campo Maior-Piauí the Brazilians patriots fight fought against Portuguese troops, and the date is considered the date of the entry of Piauí into the Independent Brazilian Empire. The province of Piauí has a strategic position for the maintenance of the North of Portuguese America between Amazonia and the Northeastern provinces, this is the reason why Portugal appointed the Governor-in-army of the Province the veteran of Napoleonic Wars João José da Cunha Fidié.

In Piauí the first city to claim its adhesion to the Empire was Parnaíba in the extreme north of the State, this initiative was the reason for the relocation of Portuguese troops from Oeiras (the capital of the province at that time) to Parnaíba, these troops commanded by Major Fidié, when the Portuguese troops were in Parnaíba in January of 1823,the cities of Piracuruca, Matões e Oeiras, also claimed entry to the Empire and in February of 1823 was the time of the city of Campo Maior claim the same entry. In March of 1823 the troops left Parnaíba to try to subdue those cities, and at the banks of the River Jenipapo the big combat happened, a great part of the local population fought against the Portuguese troops, the Portuguese troops having superiority of arms, soldiers and training. In March 13, 1823, after five wars of battle under a boiling hot sun, the Piauians 700 casualities and the Portuguese around 100. Portugal won this battle, but this battle was a the first of the war in Piauí and in April of 1823 the troops of the Major Fidié was obliged to retreat to Maranhão, a province loyal to the Portuguese Crown, but in June of 1824 after the Battle of Caxias the troops of Ceará and Piauí, supported by the patriots of Maranhão defeated the troops of the Major Fidié, consolidating the independence of these provinces and the entry of these provinces in the Empire.
André Pires Godinho, 25 October 2006


I have two pictures of authorities near the flag. In those pictures that I used to make the drawing, the date is put at the level that corresponds to the fifth stripe.
André Pires Godinho, 28 October 2008

Flag until 2005

[Former Flag of Piauí (Brazil)] 7:10 by Joseph McMillan
Adopted 24 July 1922

The flag was created by a law of 24 July 1922. The blue rectangle symbolizes the state represented by a star in the blue sky, and its union with Brazil, symbolized by the green and yellow bars.
Jaume Ollé 28 June 1996

The flag was adopted by article 2 of law number 1050, which says "The flag of the state uses the national colors, green and yellow, alternating in seven stripes of the first and six of the second, having in the upper left corner a blue rectangle, on which is a white star, symbolizing Piauhy as a unit of the Brazilian Federation, all according to the model at annex no. 2."
Source: (no longer available)
Joseph McMillan, 8 September 2002


Possible Historic Variant Flag of Piauí, circa 1930

[Possible Variant Flag of Piauí] by Joseph McMillan

A set of printed cards issued with bars of Eucalol soap in the early 1930s shows a green flag with a white diagonal band, upper hoist to lower fly, for Piauhy, as the name of the state was then spelled. I have no idea where this comes from; the present flag had been adopted in 1922 and looks nothing like this. It is probably a complete error.
Joseph McMillan, 13 February 2003

This flag is the one of the state of União do Jehova, established in 1950 with its capital in Cotaxé, that lasted until 1954.
Jaume Ollé, 16 February 2003

There was such a flag, but the separatist state to which it belonged (União de Jeová, located in the state of Espírito Santo) had nothing to do with Piauí and was not created until 1952. So, although of the same design, this could not be the flag portrayed on the Eucalol soap card issued in the early 1930s.
Joseph McMillan, 19 February 2003

19th Century Merchant Ship Pennant

19th Century Ship Distinguishing 
Pennant, Piauí (Brazil)by Joseph McMillan

Some states had old maritime ensigns in the 19th century, including Piauí.
Jaume Ollé, 8 December 1999

The French Navy's Album de Pavillons of 1858 shows a set of galhardetes (normally translated pennants) flown by Brazilian merchant ships to indicate their province of origin. The galhardetes were rectangular, approximately 1:6. They were all simple geometric patterns, more or less like signal flags.
Joseph McMillan, 17 April 2001